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 924 Rule    Morocco 1974    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 925 Rule    Morocco 1976    1977    -       May      1       0:00   1:00    -
 926 Rule    Morocco 1976    only    -       Aug      1       0:00   0       -
 927 Rule    Morocco 1977    only    -       Sep     28       0:00   0       -
 928 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 929 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Aug      4       0:00   0       -
 930 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 931 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 932 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 933 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Aug     21       0:00   0       -
 934 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       May      2       0:00   1:00    -
 935 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       Aug      8       0:00   0       -
 936 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Apr      3       0:00   1:00    -
 937 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Jul     31       0:00   0       -
 938 Rule    Morocco 2012    2013    -       Apr     lastSun  2:00   1:00    -
 939 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Jul     20       3:00   0       -
 940 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Aug     20       2:00   1:00    -
 941 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Sep     30       3:00   0       -
 942 Rule    Morocco 2013    only    -       Jul      7       3:00   0       -
 943 Rule    Morocco 2013    only    -       Aug     10       2:00   1:00    -
 944 Rule    Morocco 2013    2017    -       Oct     lastSun  3:00   0       -
 945 Rule    Morocco 2014    2018    -       Mar     lastSun  2:00   1:00    -
 946 Rule    Morocco 2014    only    -       Jun     28       3:00   0       -
 947 Rule    Morocco 2014    only    -       Aug      2       2:00   1:00    -
 948 Rule    Morocco 2015    only    -       Jun     14       3:00   0       -
 949 Rule    Morocco 2015    only    -       Jul     19       2:00   1:00    -
 950 Rule    Morocco 2016    only    -       Jun      5       3:00   0       -
 951 Rule    Morocco 2016    only    -       Jul     10       2:00   1:00    -
 952 Rule    Morocco 2017    only    -       May     21       3:00   0       -
 953 Rule    Morocco 2017    only    -       Jul      2       2:00   1:00    -
 954 Rule    Morocco 2018    only    -       May     13       3:00   0       -
 955 Rule    Morocco 2018    only    -       Jun     17       2:00   1:00    -
 956 Rule    Morocco 2019    only    -       May      5       3:00   0       -
 957 Rule    Morocco 2019    only    -       Jun      9       2:00   1:00    -
 958 Rule    Morocco 2020    only    -       Apr     19       3:00   0       -
 959 Rule    Morocco 2020    only    -       May     24       2:00   1:00    -
 960 Rule    Morocco 2021    only    -       Apr     11       3:00   0       -
 961 Rule    Morocco 2021    only    -       May     16       2:00   1:00    -
 962 Rule    Morocco 2022    only    -       Mar     27       3:00   0       -
 963 Rule    Morocco 2022    only    -       May      8       2:00   1:00    -
 964 Rule    Morocco 2023    only    -       Mar     19       3:00   0       -
 965 Rule    Morocco 2023    only    -       Apr     23       2:00   1:00    -
 966 Rule    Morocco 2024    only    -       Mar     10       3:00   0       -
 967 Rule    Morocco 2024    only    -       Apr     14       2:00   1:00    -
 968 Rule    Morocco 2025    only    -       Feb     23       3:00   0       -
 969 Rule    Morocco 2025    only    -       Apr      6       2:00   1:00    -
 970 Rule    Morocco 2026    only    -       Feb     15       3:00   0       -
 971 Rule    Morocco 2026    only    -       Mar     22       2:00   1:00    -
 972 Rule    Morocco 2027    only    -       Feb      7       3:00   0       -
 973 Rule    Morocco 2027    only    -       Mar     14       2:00   1:00    -
 974 Rule    Morocco 2028    only    -       Jan     23       3:00   0       -
 975 Rule    Morocco 2028    only    -       Feb     27       2:00   1:00    -
 976 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Jan     14       3:00   0       -
 977 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Feb     18       2:00   1:00    -
 978 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Dec     30       3:00   0       -
 979 Rule    Morocco 2030    only    -       Feb     10       2:00   1:00    -
 980 Rule    Morocco 2030    only    -       Dec     22       3:00   0       -
 981 Rule    Morocco 2031    only    -       Jan     26       2:00   1:00    -
 982 Rule    Morocco 2031    only    -       Dec     14       3:00   0       -
 983 Rule    Morocco 2032    only    -       Jan     18       2:00   1:00    -
 984 Rule    Morocco 2032    only    -       Nov     28       3:00   0       -
 985 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Jan      9       2:00   1:00    -
 986 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Nov     20       3:00   0       -
 987 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Dec     25       2:00   1:00    -
 988 Rule    Morocco 2034    only    -       Nov      5       3:00   0       -
 989 Rule    Morocco 2034    only    -       Dec     17       2:00   1:00    -
 990 Rule    Morocco 2035    only    -       Oct     28       3:00   0       -
 991 Rule    Morocco 2035    only    -       Dec      2       2:00   1:00    -
 992 Rule    Morocco 2036    only    -       Oct     19       3:00   0       -
 993 Rule    Morocco 2036    only    -       Nov     23       2:00   1:00    -
 994 Rule    Morocco 2037    only    -       Oct      4       3:00   0       -
 995 Rule    Morocco 2037    only    -       Nov     15       2:00   1:00    -
 996 
 997 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 998 Zone Africa/Casablanca  -0:30:20 -      LMT     1913 Oct 26
 999                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
1000                          1:00   -       +01     1986
1001                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28  3:00
1002                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01
1003 
1004 # Western Sahara
1005 #
1006 # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
1007 # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
1008 # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
1009 # Morocco does.
1010 #
1011 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
1012 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
1013 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
1014 
1015 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun    -0:52:48 -      LMT     1934 Jan # El Aaiún
1016                         -1:00   -       -01     1976 Apr 14
1017                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28  3:00
1018                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01
1019 
1020 # Mozambique
1021 #
1022 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
1023 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
1024 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
1025 # merely made it official?
1026 #
1027 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1028 Zone    Africa/Maputo   2:10:20 -       LMT     1903 Mar
1029                         2:00    -       CAT
1030 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre      # Malawi
1031 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura     # Burundi
1032 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone      # Botswana
1033 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare        # Zimbabwe
1034 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali        # Rwanda
1035 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi    # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
1036 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka        # Zambia
1037 
1038 


1070 # From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
1071 # Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
1072 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1073 # This video is from the government decision:
1074 # https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
1075 # We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
1076 # the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
1077 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
1078 
1079 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
1080 # Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
1081 # However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST.  See, e.g.:
1082 # http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
1083 # https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
1084 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1085 # Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
1086 # with Namibia's neighbors.
1087 
1088 # RULE  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1089 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1090 #Rule   Namibia 1994    only    -       Mar     21      0:00    -1:00   WAT
1091 #Rule   Namibia 1994    2017    -       Sep     Sun>=1       2:00    0       CAT
1092 #Rule   Namibia 1995    2017    -       Apr     Sun>=1       2:00    -1:00   WAT
1093 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1094 Rule    Namibia 1994    only    -       Mar     21      0:00    0       WAT
1095 Rule    Namibia 1994    2017    -       Sep     Sun>=1       2:00    1:00    CAT
1096 Rule    Namibia 1995    2017    -       Apr     Sun>=1       2:00    0       WAT
1097 # End of rearguard section.
1098 
1099 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1100 Zone    Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 -       LMT     1892 Feb 8
1101                         1:30    -       +0130   1903 Mar
1102                         2:00    -       SAST    1942 Sep 20  2:00
1103                         2:00    1:00    SAST    1943 Mar 21  2:00
1104                         2:00    -       SAST    1990 Mar 21 # independence
1105 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1106 #                       2:00    Namibia %s
1107 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1108                         2:00    -       CAT     1994 Mar 21  0:00
1109 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
1110 # The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24.  See:
1111 # http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
1112                         1:00    Namibia %s      2017 Oct 24
1113                         2:00    -       CAT
1114 # End of rearguard section.
1115 
1116 # Niger
1117 # See Africa/Lagos.
1118 
1119 # Nigeria
1120 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1121 Zone    Africa/Lagos    0:13:36 -       LMT     1919 Sep
1122                         1:00    -       WAT
1123 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui      # Central African Republic
1124 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1125 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala      # Cameroon
1126 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa    # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1127 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville  # Gabon
1128 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda      # Angola
1129 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo      # Equatorial Guinea
1130 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey      # Niger
1131 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo  # Benin
1132 
1133 # Réunion




 924 Rule    Morocco 1974    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 925 Rule    Morocco 1976    1977    -       May      1       0:00   1:00    -
 926 Rule    Morocco 1976    only    -       Aug      1       0:00   0       -
 927 Rule    Morocco 1977    only    -       Sep     28       0:00   0       -
 928 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 929 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Aug      4       0:00   0       -
 930 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 931 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 932 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    -
 933 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Aug     21       0:00   0       -
 934 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       May      2       0:00   1:00    -
 935 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       Aug      8       0:00   0       -
 936 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Apr      3       0:00   1:00    -
 937 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Jul     31       0:00   0       -
 938 Rule    Morocco 2012    2013    -       Apr     lastSun  2:00   1:00    -
 939 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Jul     20       3:00   0       -
 940 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Aug     20       2:00   1:00    -
 941 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Sep     30       3:00   0       -
 942 Rule    Morocco 2013    only    -       Jul      7       3:00   0       -
 943 Rule    Morocco 2013    only    -       Aug     10       2:00   1:00    -
 944 Rule    Morocco 2013    2018    -       Oct     lastSun  3:00   0       -
 945 Rule    Morocco 2014    2018    -       Mar     lastSun  2:00   1:00    -
 946 Rule    Morocco 2014    only    -       Jun     28       3:00   0       -
 947 Rule    Morocco 2014    only    -       Aug      2       2:00   1:00    -
 948 Rule    Morocco 2015    only    -       Jun     14       3:00   0       -
 949 Rule    Morocco 2015    only    -       Jul     19       2:00   1:00    -
 950 Rule    Morocco 2016    only    -       Jun      5       3:00   0       -
 951 Rule    Morocco 2016    only    -       Jul     10       2:00   1:00    -
 952 Rule    Morocco 2017    only    -       May     21       3:00   0       -
 953 Rule    Morocco 2017    only    -       Jul      2       2:00   1:00    -
 954 Rule    Morocco 2018    only    -       May     13       3:00   0       -
 955 Rule    Morocco 2018    only    -       Jun     17       2:00   1:00    -
 956 Rule    Morocco 2019    only    -       May      5       3:00   -1:00   -
 957 Rule    Morocco 2019    only    -       Jun      9       2:00   0       -
 958 Rule    Morocco 2020    only    -       Apr     19       3:00   -1:00   -
 959 Rule    Morocco 2020    only    -       May     24       2:00   0       -
 960 Rule    Morocco 2021    only    -       Apr     11       3:00   -1:00   -
 961 Rule    Morocco 2021    only    -       May     16       2:00   0       -
 962 Rule    Morocco 2022    only    -       Mar     27       3:00   -1:00   -
 963 Rule    Morocco 2022    only    -       May      8       2:00   0       -
 964 Rule    Morocco 2023    only    -       Mar     19       3:00   -1:00   -
 965 Rule    Morocco 2023    only    -       Apr     23       2:00   0       -
 966 Rule    Morocco 2024    only    -       Mar     10       3:00   -1:00   -
 967 Rule    Morocco 2024    only    -       Apr     14       2:00   0       -
 968 Rule    Morocco 2025    only    -       Feb     23       3:00   -1:00   -
 969 Rule    Morocco 2025    only    -       Apr      6       2:00   0       -
 970 Rule    Morocco 2026    only    -       Feb     15       3:00   -1:00   -
 971 Rule    Morocco 2026    only    -       Mar     22       2:00   0       -
 972 Rule    Morocco 2027    only    -       Feb      7       3:00   -1:00   -
 973 Rule    Morocco 2027    only    -       Mar     14       2:00   0       -
 974 Rule    Morocco 2028    only    -       Jan     23       3:00   -1:00   -
 975 Rule    Morocco 2028    only    -       Feb     27       2:00   0       -
 976 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Jan     14       3:00   -1:00   -
 977 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Feb     18       2:00   0       -
 978 Rule    Morocco 2029    only    -       Dec     30       3:00   -1:00   -
 979 Rule    Morocco 2030    only    -       Feb     10       2:00   0       -
 980 Rule    Morocco 2030    only    -       Dec     22       3:00   -1:00   -
 981 Rule    Morocco 2031    only    -       Jan     26       2:00   0       -
 982 Rule    Morocco 2031    only    -       Dec     14       3:00   -1:00   -
 983 Rule    Morocco 2032    only    -       Jan     18       2:00   0       -
 984 Rule    Morocco 2032    only    -       Nov     28       3:00   -1:00   -
 985 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Jan      9       2:00   0       -
 986 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Nov     20       3:00   -1:00   -
 987 Rule    Morocco 2033    only    -       Dec     25       2:00   0       -
 988 Rule    Morocco 2034    only    -       Nov      5       3:00   -1:00   -
 989 Rule    Morocco 2034    only    -       Dec     17       2:00   0       -
 990 Rule    Morocco 2035    only    -       Oct     28       3:00   -1:00   -
 991 Rule    Morocco 2035    only    -       Dec      2       2:00   0       -
 992 Rule    Morocco 2036    only    -       Oct     19       3:00   -1:00   -
 993 Rule    Morocco 2036    only    -       Nov     23       2:00   0       -
 994 Rule    Morocco 2037    only    -       Oct      4       3:00   -1:00   -
 995 Rule    Morocco 2037    only    -       Nov     15       2:00   0       -
 996 
 997 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 998 Zone Africa/Casablanca  -0:30:20 -      LMT     1913 Oct 26
 999                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
1000                          1:00   -       +01     1986
1001                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28  3:00
1002                          1:00   Morocco +01/+00
1003 
1004 # Western Sahara
1005 #
1006 # From Gwillim Law (2013-10-22):
1007 # A correspondent who is usually well informed about time zone matters
1008 # ... says that Western Sahara observes daylight saving time, just as
1009 # Morocco does.
1010 #
1011 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-23):
1012 # Assume that this has been true since Western Sahara switched to GMT,
1013 # since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
1014 
1015 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun    -0:52:48 -      LMT     1934 Jan # El Aaiún
1016                         -1:00   -       -01     1976 Apr 14
1017                          0:00   Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28  3:00
1018                          1:00   Morocco +01/+00
1019 
1020 # Mozambique
1021 #
1022 # Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
1023 # Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
1024 # https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
1025 # merely made it official?
1026 #
1027 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1028 Zone    Africa/Maputo   2:10:20 -       LMT     1903 Mar
1029                         2:00    -       CAT
1030 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre      # Malawi
1031 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura     # Burundi
1032 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone      # Botswana
1033 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare        # Zimbabwe
1034 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali        # Rwanda
1035 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi    # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
1036 Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka        # Zambia
1037 
1038 


1070 # From Steffen Thorsen (2017-08-09):
1071 # Namibia is going to change their time zone to what is now their DST:
1072 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1073 # This video is from the government decision:
1074 # https://www.nbc.na/news/na-passes-namibia-time-bill-repealing-1994-namibia-time-act.8665
1075 # We have made the assumption so far that they will change their time zone at
1076 # the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
1077 # https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
1078 
1079 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
1080 # Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
1081 # However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST.  See, e.g.:
1082 # http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
1083 # https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
1084 # https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
1085 # Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
1086 # with Namibia's neighbors.
1087 
1088 # RULE  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1089 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1090 Rule    Namibia 1994    only    -       Mar     21      0:00    -1:00   WAT
1091 Rule    Namibia 1994    2017    -       Sep     Sun>=1       2:00    0       CAT
1092 Rule    Namibia 1995    2017    -       Apr     Sun>=1       2:00    -1:00   WAT
1093 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1094 #Rule   Namibia 1994    only    -       Mar     21      0:00    0       WAT
1095 #Rule   Namibia 1994    2017    -       Sep     Sun>=1       2:00    1:00    CAT
1096 #Rule   Namibia 1995    2017    -       Apr     Sun>=1       2:00    0       WAT
1097 # End of rearguard section.
1098 
1099 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1100 Zone    Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 -       LMT     1892 Feb 8
1101                         1:30    -       +0130   1903 Mar
1102                         2:00    -       SAST    1942 Sep 20  2:00
1103                         2:00    1:00    SAST    1943 Mar 21  2:00
1104                         2:00    -       SAST    1990 Mar 21 # independence
1105 # Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
1106                         2:00    Namibia %s
1107 # Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
1108 #                       2:00    -       CAT     1994 Mar 21  0:00
1109 # From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
1110 # The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24.  See:
1111 # http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
1112 #                       1:00    Namibia %s      2017 Oct 24
1113 #                       2:00    -       CAT
1114 # End of rearguard section.
1115 
1116 # Niger
1117 # See Africa/Lagos.
1118 
1119 # Nigeria
1120 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1121 Zone    Africa/Lagos    0:13:36 -       LMT     1919 Sep
1122                         1:00    -       WAT
1123 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui      # Central African Republic
1124 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
1125 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala      # Cameroon
1126 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa    # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
1127 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville  # Gabon
1128 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda      # Angola
1129 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo      # Equatorial Guinea
1130 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey      # Niger
1131 Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo  # Benin
1132 
1133 # Réunion


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