make/sun/javazic/tzdata/asia

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@@ -25,13 +25,13 @@
 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
 
 # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
 
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
 #
 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
 #

@@ -46,10 +46,14 @@
 #
 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
 # I found in the UCLA library.
 #
+# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
 #
 # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
 # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.

@@ -300,13 +304,16 @@
 Zone    Asia/Brunei     7:39:40 -       LMT     1926 Mar   # Bandar Seri Begawan
                         7:30    -       BNT     1933
                         8:00    -       BNT
 
 # Burma / Myanmar
+
+# Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
+
 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone    Asia/Rangoon    6:24:40 -       LMT     1880            # or Yangon
-                        6:24:36 -       RMT     1920       # Rangoon Mean Time?
+                        6:24:40 -       RMT     1920       # Rangoon Mean Time?
                         6:30    -       BURT    1942 May   # Burma Time
                         9:00    -       JST     1945 May 3
                         6:30    -       MMT                # Myanmar Time
 
 # Cambodia

@@ -405,11 +412,12 @@
                         9:00    -       CHAT    1966 May
                         8:30    -       CHAT    1980 May
                         8:00    PRC     C%sT
 # Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time")
 # most of China
-Zone    Asia/Shanghai   8:05:52 -       LMT     1928
+# Milne gives 8:05:56.7; round to nearest.
+Zone    Asia/Shanghai   8:05:57 -       LMT     1928
                         8:00    Shang   C%sT    1949
                         8:00    PRC     C%sT
 # Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
 # Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
 # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong

@@ -502,10 +510,14 @@
                         5:30    -       KAST    1940     # Kashgar Time
                         5:00    -       KAST    1980 May
                         8:00    PRC     C%sT
 
 
+# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
+
+# Milne gives 7:36:41.7; round this.
+
 # From Lee Yiu Chung (2009-10-24):
 # I found there are some mistakes for the...DST rule for Hong
 # Kong. [According] to the DST record from Hong Kong Observatory (actually,
 # it is not [an] observatory, but the official meteorological agency of HK,
 # and also serves as the official timing agency), there are some missing

@@ -568,11 +580,10 @@
 # The page does not givw an end date for 1945.
 # The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began on 1941-12-25.
 # The Japanese surrender of Hong Kong was signed 1945-09-15.
 # For lack of anything better, use start of those days as the transition times.
 
-# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule    HK      1941    only    -       Apr     1       3:30    1:00    S
 Rule    HK      1941    only    -       Sep     30      3:30    0       -
 Rule    HK      1946    only    -       Apr     20      3:30    1:00    S
 Rule    HK      1946    only    -       Dec     1       3:30    0       -

@@ -590,11 +601,11 @@
 Rule    HK      1965    1976    -       Oct     Sun>=16 3:30    0       -
 Rule    HK      1973    only    -       Dec     30      3:30    1:00    S
 Rule    HK      1979    only    -       May     Sun>=8  3:30    1:00    S
 Rule    HK      1979    only    -       Oct     Sun>=16 3:30    0       -
 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone    Asia/Hong_Kong  7:36:36 -       LMT     1904 Oct 30
+Zone    Asia/Hong_Kong  7:36:42 -       LMT     1904 Oct 30
                         8:00    HK      HK%sT   1941 Dec 25
                         9:00    -       JST     1945 Sep 15
                         8:00    HK      HK%sT
 
 ###############################################################################

@@ -667,10 +678,13 @@
 
 
 ###############################################################################
 
 # Cyprus
+#
+# Milne says the Eastern Telegraph Company used 2:14:00.  Stick with LMT.
+#
 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule    Cyprus  1975    only    -       Apr     13      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule    Cyprus  1975    only    -       Oct     12      0:00    0       -
 Rule    Cyprus  1976    only    -       May     15      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule    Cyprus  1976    only    -       Oct     11      0:00    0       -

@@ -1220,11 +1234,10 @@
 Rule    Zion    2011    only    -       Oct      2      2:00    0       S
 Rule    Zion    2012    only    -       Mar     Fri>=26 2:00    1:00    D
 Rule    Zion    2012    only    -       Sep     23      2:00    0       S
 
 # From Ephraim Silverberg (2012-10-18):
-
 # Yesterday, the Interior Ministry Committee, after more than a year
 # past, approved sending the proposed June 2011 changes to the Time
 # Decree Law back to the Knesset for second and third (final) votes
 # before the upcoming elections on Jan. 22, 2013.  Hence, although the
 # changes are not yet law, they are expected to be so before February 2013.

@@ -1233,10 +1246,14 @@
 # DST ends at 02:00 on the first Sunday after October 1, unless it occurs on the
 # second day of the Jewish Rosh Hashana holiday, in which case DST ends a day
 # later (i.e. at 02:00 the first Monday after October 2).
 # [Rosh Hashana holidays are factored in until 2100.]
 
+# From Ephraim Silverberg (2012-11-05):
+# The Knesset passed today (in second and final readings) the amendment to the
+# Time Decree Law making the changes ... law.
+
 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule    Zion    2013    max     -       Mar     Fri>=23 2:00    1:00    D
 Rule    Zion    2013    2026    -       Oct     Sun>=2  2:00    0       S
 Rule    Zion    2027    only    -       Oct     Mon>=3  2:00    0       S
 Rule    Zion    2028    max     -       Oct     Sun>=2  2:00    0       S

@@ -1822,12 +1839,15 @@
 Zone    Asia/Kathmandu  5:41:16 -       LMT     1920
                         5:30    -       IST     1986
                         5:45    -       NPT     # Nepal Time
 
 # Oman
+
+# Milne says 3:54:24 was the meridian of the Muscat Tidal Observatory.
+
 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone    Asia/Muscat     3:54:20 -       LMT     1920
+Zone    Asia/Muscat     3:54:24 -       LMT     1920
                         4:00    -       GST
 
 # Pakistan
 
 # From Rives McDow (2002-03-13):

@@ -2070,12 +2090,11 @@
 # We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since
 # the only differences between it and Gaza that we know about
 # occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.
 # However, as we get more information, we may need to add entries
 # for parts of the West Bank as they transitioned from Israel's rules
-# to Palestine's rules.  If you have more info about this, please
-# send it to tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for incorporation into future editions.
+# to Palestine's rules.
 
 # From IINS News Service - Israel - 1998-03-23 10:38:07 Israel time,
 # forwarded by Ephraim Silverberg:
 #
 # Despite the fact that Israel changed over to daylight savings time

@@ -2293,15 +2312,24 @@
 # Our brief summary:
 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html">
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html
 # </a>
 
-# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27):
-# The timeanddate article for 2012 says that "the end date has not yet been
-# announced" and that "Last year, both...paused daylight saving time during...
-# Ramadan. It is not yet known [for] 2012."
-# For now, assume both switch back on the last Friday in September. XXX
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26):
+# The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving
+# time from midnight on Friday, March 29, 2013" (translated).
+# [These are in Arabic and are for Gaza and for Ramallah, respectively.]
+# http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120
+# http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-04-15):
+# For future dates, guess the last Thursday in March at 24:00 through
+# the first Friday on or after September 21 at 01:00.  This is consistent with
+# the predictions in today's editions of the following URLs,
+# which are for Gaza and Hebron respectively:
+# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=702
+# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=2364
 
 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule EgyptAsia  1957    only    -       May     10      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule EgyptAsia  1957    1958    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 Rule EgyptAsia  1958    only    -       May      1      0:00    1:00    S

@@ -2311,50 +2339,45 @@
 
 Rule Palestine  1999    2005    -       Apr     Fri>=15 0:00    1:00    S
 Rule Palestine  1999    2003    -       Oct     Fri>=15 0:00    0       -
 Rule Palestine  2004    only    -       Oct      1      1:00    0       -
 Rule Palestine  2005    only    -       Oct      4      2:00    0       -
-Rule Palestine  2006    2008    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2006    2007    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule Palestine  2006    only    -       Sep     22      0:00    0       -
 Rule Palestine  2007    only    -       Sep     Thu>=8  2:00    0       -
-Rule Palestine  2008    only    -       Aug     lastFri 0:00    0       -
-Rule Palestine  2009    only    -       Mar     lastFri 0:00    1:00    S
-Rule Palestine  2009    only    -       Sep     Fri>=1  2:00    0       -
-Rule Palestine  2010    only    -       Mar     lastSat 0:01    1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2008    2009    -       Mar     lastFri 0:00    1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2008    only    -       Sep      1      0:00    0       -
+Rule Palestine  2009    only    -       Sep     Fri>=1  1:00    0       -
+Rule Palestine  2010    only    -       Mar     26      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule Palestine  2010    only    -       Aug     11      0:00    0       -
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (2011-09-20):
-# 2011 transitions per http://www.timeanddate.com as of 2011-09-20.
-# From Paul Eggert (2012-10-12):
-# 2012 transitions per http://www.timeanddate.com as of 2012-10-12.
+Rule Palestine  2011    only    -       Apr      1      0:01    1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2011    only    -       Aug      1      0:00    0       -
+Rule Palestine  2011    only    -       Aug     30      0:00    1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2011    only    -       Sep     30      0:00    0       -
+Rule Palestine  2012    max     -       Mar     lastThu 24:00   1:00    S
+Rule Palestine  2012    max     -       Sep     Fri>=21 1:00    0       -
 
 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone    Asia/Gaza       2:17:52 -       LMT     1900 Oct
                         2:00    Zion    EET     1948 May 15
                         2:00 EgyptAsia  EE%sT   1967 Jun  5
                         2:00    Zion    I%sT    1996
                         2:00    Jordan  EE%sT   1999
-                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2011 Apr  2 12:01
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2011 Aug  1
-                        2:00    -       EET     2012 Mar 30
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2012 Sep 21 1:00
-                        2:00    -       EET
+                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2008 Aug 29 0:00
+                        2:00    -       EET     2008 Sep
+                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2010
+                        2:00    -       EET     2010 Mar 27 0:01
+                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2011 Aug  1
+                        2:00    -       EET     2012
+                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT
 
 Zone    Asia/Hebron     2:20:23 -       LMT     1900 Oct
                         2:00    Zion    EET     1948 May 15
                         2:00 EgyptAsia  EE%sT   1967 Jun  5
                         2:00    Zion    I%sT    1996
                         2:00    Jordan  EE%sT   1999
-                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2008 Aug
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2008 Sep
-                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT   2011 Apr  1 12:01
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2011 Aug  1
-                        2:00    -       EET     2011 Aug 30
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2011 Sep 30 3:00
-                        2:00    -       EET     2012 Mar 30
-                        2:00    1:00    EEST    2012 Sep 21 1:00
-                        2:00    -       EET
+                        2:00 Palestine  EE%sT
 
 # Paracel Is
 # no information
 
 # Philippines

@@ -2419,10 +2442,17 @@
 
 # Spratly Is
 # no information
 
 # Sri Lanka
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne says "Madras mean time use from May 1, 1898.  Prior to this Colombo
+# mean time, 5h. 4m. 21.9s. F., was used."  But 5:04:21.9 differs considerably
+# from Colombo's meridian 5:19:24, so for now ignore Milne and stick with
+# Shanks and Pottenger.
+
 # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
 # "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"
 # (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,
 # no longer available as of 1999-08-17)
 # reported ``the country's standard time will be put forward by one hour at

@@ -2718,10 +2748,16 @@
                         5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT   1992
                         5:00    -       UZT
 
 # Vietnam
 
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne gives 7:16:56 for the meridian of Saigon in 1899, as being
+# used in Lower Laos, Cambodia, and Annam.  But this is quite a ways
+# from Saigon's location.  For now, ignore this and stick with Shanks
+# and Pottenger.
+
 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):
 # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Min City";
 # we use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.
 
 # From Shanks & Pottenger:

@@ -2731,8 +2767,12 @@
                         7:00    -       ICT     1912 May
                         8:00    -       ICT     1931 May
                         7:00    -       ICT
 
 # Yemen
+
+# Milne says 2:59:54 was the meridian of the saluting battery at Aden,
+# and that Yemen was at 1:55:56, the meridian of the Hagia Sophia.
+
 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone    Asia/Aden       3:00:48 -       LMT     1950
+Zone    Asia/Aden       2:59:54 -       LMT     1950
                         3:00    -       AST