make/sun/javazic/tzdata/europe

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  10 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  11 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  12 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
  13 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
  14 # accompanied this code).
  15 #  
  16 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
  17 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
  18 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
  19 #  
  20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
  21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
  22 # questions.
  23 #
  24 # <pre>
  25 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
  26 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
  27 
  28 # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
  29 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
  30 # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
  31 
  32 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
  33 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
  34 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
  35 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
  36 #
  37 # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
  38 # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
  39 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
  40 # published semiannually.  Law sent in several helpful summaries
  41 # of the IATA's data after 1990.
  42 #
  43 # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
  44 # entries through 1991, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
  45 #
  46 # Other sources occasionally used include:
  47 #
  48 #       Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
  49 #       Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),
  50 #       which I found in the UCLA library.
  51 #
  52 #       <a href="http://www.pettswoodvillage.co.uk/Daylight_Savings_William_Willett.pdf">
  53 #       William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
  54 #       </a> (1914-03)
  55 #






  56 #       Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),
  57 #       <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">
  58 #       History of Summer Time
  59 #       </a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
  60 
  61 #
  62 # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
  63 # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
  64 # Corrections are welcome!
  65 #                   std dst  2dst
  66 #                   LMT           Local Mean Time
  67 #       -4:00       AST ADT       Atlantic
  68 #       -3:00       WGT WGST      Western Greenland*
  69 #       -1:00       EGT EGST      Eastern Greenland*
  70 #        0:00       GMT BST  BDST Greenwich, British Summer
  71 #        0:00       GMT IST       Greenwich, Irish Summer
  72 #        0:00       WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
  73 #        0:19:32.13 AMT NST       Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*
  74 #        0:20       NET NEST      Netherlands (1937-1940)*
  75 #        1:00       CET CEST CEMT Central Europe


 672 Rule    Albania 1982    only    -       May      2      0:00    1:00    S
 673 Rule    Albania 1982    only    -       Oct      3      0:00    0       -
 674 Rule    Albania 1983    only    -       Apr     18      0:00    1:00    S
 675 Rule    Albania 1983    only    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 676 Rule    Albania 1984    only    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 677 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 678 Zone    Europe/Tirane   1:19:20 -       LMT     1914
 679                         1:00    -       CET     1940 Jun 16
 680                         1:00    Albania CE%sT   1984 Jul
 681                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 682 
 683 # Andorra
 684 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 685 Zone    Europe/Andorra  0:06:04 -       LMT     1901
 686                         0:00    -       WET     1946 Sep 30
 687                         1:00    -       CET     1985 Mar 31 2:00
 688                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 689 
 690 # Austria
 691 


 692 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
 693 # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
 694 # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
 695 # date of 1945-04-12 with no time.  For the 1980-04-06 transition
 696 # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00.  Go with the BEV,
 697 # and guess 02:00 for 1945-04-12.
 698 
 699 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 700 Rule    Austria 1920    only    -       Apr      5      2:00s   1:00    S
 701 Rule    Austria 1920    only    -       Sep     13      2:00s   0       -
 702 Rule    Austria 1946    only    -       Apr     14      2:00s   1:00    S
 703 Rule    Austria 1946    1948    -       Oct     Sun>=1       2:00s   0       -
 704 Rule    Austria 1947    only    -       Apr      6      2:00s   1:00    S
 705 Rule    Austria 1948    only    -       Apr     18      2:00s   1:00    S
 706 Rule    Austria 1980    only    -       Apr      6      0:00    1:00    S
 707 Rule    Austria 1980    only    -       Sep     28      0:00    0       -
 708 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 709 Zone    Europe/Vienna   1:05:20 -       LMT     1893 Apr
 710                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1920
 711                         1:00    Austria CE%sT   1940 Apr  1 2:00s
 712                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1945 Apr  2 2:00s
 713                         1:00    1:00    CEST    1945 Apr 12 2:00s
 714                         1:00    -       CET     1946
 715                         1:00    Austria CE%sT   1981
 716                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 717 
 718 # Belarus
 719 # From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):
 720 # By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to
 721 # GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).
 722 #
 723 # Sources (Russian language):
 724 # 1.
 725 # <a href="http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html">
 726 # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html
 727 # </a>
 728 # 2.
 729 # <a href="http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/">


1245 # http://www.ptb.de/de/org/4/44/441/salt.htm says the following transition
1246 # occurred at 3:00 MEZ, not the 2:00 MEZ given in Shanks & Pottenger.
1247 # Go with the PTB.
1248 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       Apr      6      3:00s   1:00    S
1249 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       May     11      2:00s   2:00    M
1250 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       Jun     29      3:00    1:00    S
1251 Rule    Germany 1948    only    -       Apr     18      2:00s   1:00    S
1252 Rule    Germany 1949    only    -       Apr     10      2:00s   1:00    S
1253 
1254 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       May     24      2:00    2:00    M # Midsummer
1255 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       Sep     24      3:00    1:00    S
1256 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       Nov     18      2:00s   0       -
1257 
1258 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1259 Zone    Europe/Berlin   0:53:28 -       LMT     1893 Apr
1260                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1945 May 24 2:00
1261                         1:00 SovietZone CE%sT   1946
1262                         1:00    Germany CE%sT   1980
1263                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
1264 















1265 # Georgia
1266 # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.
1267 # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)
1268 # is in Europe.  Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.
1269 
1270 # Gibraltar
1271 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1272 Zone Europe/Gibraltar   -0:21:24 -      LMT     1880 Aug  2 0:00s
1273                         0:00    GB-Eire %s      1957 Apr 14 2:00
1274                         1:00    -       CET     1982
1275                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
1276 
1277 # Greece
1278 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1279 # Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1280 Rule    Greece  1932    only    -       Jul      7      0:00    1:00    S
1281 Rule    Greece  1932    only    -       Sep      1      0:00    0       -
1282 # Whitman gives 1941 Apr 25 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1283 Rule    Greece  1941    only    -       Apr      7      0:00    1:00    S
1284 # Whitman gives 1942 Feb 2 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.


2049 Rule    Romania 1932    only    -       May     21       0:00s  1:00    S
2050 Rule    Romania 1932    1939    -       Oct     Sun>=1        0:00s  0       -
2051 Rule    Romania 1933    1939    -       Apr     Sun>=2        0:00s  1:00    S
2052 Rule    Romania 1979    only    -       May     27       0:00   1:00    S
2053 Rule    Romania 1979    only    -       Sep     lastSun  0:00   0       -
2054 Rule    Romania 1980    only    -       Apr      5      23:00   1:00    S
2055 Rule    Romania 1980    only    -       Sep     lastSun  1:00   0       -
2056 Rule    Romania 1991    1993    -       Mar     lastSun  0:00s  1:00    S
2057 Rule    Romania 1991    1993    -       Sep     lastSun  0:00s  0       -
2058 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
2059 Zone Europe/Bucharest   1:44:24 -       LMT     1891 Oct
2060                         1:44:24 -       BMT     1931 Jul 24     # Bucharest MT
2061                         2:00    Romania EE%sT   1981 Mar 29 2:00s
2062                         2:00    C-Eur   EE%sT   1991
2063                         2:00    Romania EE%sT   1994
2064                         2:00    E-Eur   EE%sT   1997
2065                         2:00    EU      EE%sT
2066 
2067 # Russia
2068 
































































2069 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
2070 # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
2071 # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
2072 # are from Andrey A. Chernov.  The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
2073 # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
2074 # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.
2075 #
2076 # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):
2077 # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
2078 # I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
2079 # as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching
2080 # so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
2081 #
2082 # From Andrey A. Chernov (1996-10-04):
2083 # `MSK' and `MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with
2084 # UNIX-like OSes by several developer groups (e.g. Demos group, Kiae group)....
2085 # The next step was the UUCP network, the Relcom predecessor
2086 # (used mainly for mail), and MSK/MSD was actively used there.
2087 #
2088 # From Chris Carrier (1996-10-30):


2276 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2277 # The Sakha districts are: Aldanskij, Amginskij, Anabarskij,
2278 # Verkhnevilyujskij, Vilyujskij, Gornyj,
2279 # Zhiganskij, Kobyajskij, Lenskij, Megino-Kangalasskij, Mirninskij,
2280 # Namskij, Nyurbinskij, Olenyokskij, Olyokminskij,
2281 # Suntarskij, Tattinskij, Ust'-Aldanskij, Khangalasskij,
2282 # Churapchinskij, Eveno-Bytantajskij Natsional'nij.
2283 
2284 Zone Asia/Yakutsk        8:38:40 -      LMT     1919 Dec 15
2285                          8:00   -       YAKT    1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
2286                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2287                          8:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2288                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2289                          10:00  -       YAKT
2290 #
2291 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
2292 # Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,
2293 # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
2294 
2295 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2296 # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, Tomponskij, Ust'-Majskij,
2297 # Ust'-Yanskij.
2298 Zone Asia/Vladivostok    8:47:44 -      LMT     1922 Nov 15
2299                          9:00   -       VLAT    1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
2300                         10:00   Russia  VLA%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2301                          9:00   Russia  VLA%sST 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2302                         10:00   Russia  VLA%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2303                         11:00   -       VLAT



















2304 #
2305 # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
2306 # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
2307 Zone Asia/Sakhalin       9:30:48 -      LMT     1905 Aug 23
2308                          9:00   -       CJT     1938
2309                          9:00   -       JST     1945 Aug 25
2310                         11:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T.
2311                         10:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2312                         11:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
2313                         10:00   Russia  SAK%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2314                         11:00   -       SAKT
2315 #
2316 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
2317 # Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
2318 # Probably also: Kuril Islands.
2319 
2320 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2321 # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij,
2322 # Nizhnekolymskij, Ojmyakonskij, Srednekolymskij.
2323 Zone Asia/Magadan       10:03:12 -      LMT     1924 May  2
2324                         10:00   -       MAGT    1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
2325                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2326                         10:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2327                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2328                         12:00   -       MAGT
2329 #












2330 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
2331 # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
2332 #
2333 # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
2334 Zone Asia/Kamchatka     10:34:36 -      LMT     1922 Nov 10
2335                         11:00   -       PETT    1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
2336                         12:00   Russia  PET%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2337                         11:00   Russia  PET%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2338                         12:00   Russia  PET%sT  2010 Mar 28 2:00s
2339                         11:00   Russia  PET%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2340                         12:00   -       PETT
2341 #
2342 # Chukotskij avtonomnyj okrug
2343 Zone Asia/Anadyr        11:49:56 -      LMT     1924 May  2
2344                         12:00   -       ANAT    1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
2345                         13:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1982 Apr  1 0:00s
2346                         12:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2347                         11:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2348                         12:00   Russia  ANA%sT  2010 Mar 28 2:00s
2349                         11:00   Russia  ANA%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s




  10 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  11 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  12 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
  13 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
  14 # accompanied this code).
  15 #  
  16 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
  17 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
  18 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
  19 #  
  20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
  21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
  22 # questions.
  23 #
  24 # <pre>
  25 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
  26 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
  27 
  28 # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
  29 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
  30 # tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
  31 
  32 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
  33 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
  34 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
  35 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
  36 #
  37 # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
  38 # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
  39 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
  40 # published semiannually.  Law sent in several helpful summaries
  41 # of the IATA's data after 1990.
  42 #
  43 # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
  44 # entries through 1991, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
  45 #
  46 # Other sources occasionally used include:
  47 #
  48 #       Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
  49 #       Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),
  50 #       which I found in the UCLA library.
  51 #
  52 #       <a href="http://www.pettswoodvillage.co.uk/Daylight_Savings_William_Willett.pdf">
  53 #       William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
  54 #       </a> (1914-03)
  55 #
  56 #       Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
  57 #       <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.  He writes:
  58 #       "It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables
  59 #       may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,
  60 #       Savile Row, London."  Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org.
  61 #
  62 #       Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),
  63 #       <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">
  64 #       History of Summer Time
  65 #       </a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
  66 
  67 #
  68 # I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
  69 # the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
  70 # Corrections are welcome!
  71 #                   std dst  2dst
  72 #                   LMT           Local Mean Time
  73 #       -4:00       AST ADT       Atlantic
  74 #       -3:00       WGT WGST      Western Greenland*
  75 #       -1:00       EGT EGST      Eastern Greenland*
  76 #        0:00       GMT BST  BDST Greenwich, British Summer
  77 #        0:00       GMT IST       Greenwich, Irish Summer
  78 #        0:00       WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
  79 #        0:19:32.13 AMT NST       Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*
  80 #        0:20       NET NEST      Netherlands (1937-1940)*
  81 #        1:00       CET CEST CEMT Central Europe


 678 Rule    Albania 1982    only    -       May      2      0:00    1:00    S
 679 Rule    Albania 1982    only    -       Oct      3      0:00    0       -
 680 Rule    Albania 1983    only    -       Apr     18      0:00    1:00    S
 681 Rule    Albania 1983    only    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 682 Rule    Albania 1984    only    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 683 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 684 Zone    Europe/Tirane   1:19:20 -       LMT     1914
 685                         1:00    -       CET     1940 Jun 16
 686                         1:00    Albania CE%sT   1984 Jul
 687                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 688 
 689 # Andorra
 690 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 691 Zone    Europe/Andorra  0:06:04 -       LMT     1901
 692                         0:00    -       WET     1946 Sep 30
 693                         1:00    -       CET     1985 Mar 31 2:00
 694                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 695 
 696 # Austria
 697 
 698 # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.
 699 
 700 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
 701 # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
 702 # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
 703 # date of 1945-04-12 with no time.  For the 1980-04-06 transition
 704 # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00.  Go with the BEV,
 705 # and guess 02:00 for 1945-04-12.
 706 
 707 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 708 Rule    Austria 1920    only    -       Apr      5      2:00s   1:00    S
 709 Rule    Austria 1920    only    -       Sep     13      2:00s   0       -
 710 Rule    Austria 1946    only    -       Apr     14      2:00s   1:00    S
 711 Rule    Austria 1946    1948    -       Oct     Sun>=1       2:00s   0       -
 712 Rule    Austria 1947    only    -       Apr      6      2:00s   1:00    S
 713 Rule    Austria 1948    only    -       Apr     18      2:00s   1:00    S
 714 Rule    Austria 1980    only    -       Apr      6      0:00    1:00    S
 715 Rule    Austria 1980    only    -       Sep     28      0:00    0       -
 716 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 717 Zone    Europe/Vienna   1:05:21 -       LMT     1893 Apr
 718                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1920
 719                         1:00    Austria CE%sT   1940 Apr  1 2:00s
 720                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1945 Apr  2 2:00s
 721                         1:00    1:00    CEST    1945 Apr 12 2:00s
 722                         1:00    -       CET     1946
 723                         1:00    Austria CE%sT   1981
 724                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
 725 
 726 # Belarus
 727 # From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):
 728 # By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to
 729 # GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).
 730 #
 731 # Sources (Russian language):
 732 # 1.
 733 # <a href="http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html">
 734 # http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html
 735 # </a>
 736 # 2.
 737 # <a href="http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/">


1253 # http://www.ptb.de/de/org/4/44/441/salt.htm says the following transition
1254 # occurred at 3:00 MEZ, not the 2:00 MEZ given in Shanks & Pottenger.
1255 # Go with the PTB.
1256 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       Apr      6      3:00s   1:00    S
1257 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       May     11      2:00s   2:00    M
1258 Rule    Germany 1947    only    -       Jun     29      3:00    1:00    S
1259 Rule    Germany 1948    only    -       Apr     18      2:00s   1:00    S
1260 Rule    Germany 1949    only    -       Apr     10      2:00s   1:00    S
1261 
1262 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       May     24      2:00    2:00    M # Midsummer
1263 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       Sep     24      3:00    1:00    S
1264 Rule SovietZone 1945    only    -       Nov     18      2:00s   0       -
1265 
1266 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1267 Zone    Europe/Berlin   0:53:28 -       LMT     1893 Apr
1268                         1:00    C-Eur   CE%sT   1945 May 24 2:00
1269                         1:00 SovietZone CE%sT   1946
1270                         1:00    Germany CE%sT   1980
1271                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
1272 
1273 # From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12):
1274 # Busingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton
1275 # Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE
1276 # (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did.
1277 # DD merged into DE, the area is currently covered by code DE in ISO 3166-1,
1278 # which in turn is covered by the zone Europe/Berlin.
1279 #
1280 # Source for the time in Busingen 1980:
1281 # http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3
1282 
1283 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03):
1284 # Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.
1285 
1286 Link    Europe/Zurich   Europe/Busingen
1287 
1288 # Georgia
1289 # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.
1290 # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)
1291 # is in Europe.  Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.
1292 
1293 # Gibraltar
1294 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1295 Zone Europe/Gibraltar   -0:21:24 -      LMT     1880 Aug  2 0:00s
1296                         0:00    GB-Eire %s      1957 Apr 14 2:00
1297                         1:00    -       CET     1982
1298                         1:00    EU      CE%sT
1299 
1300 # Greece
1301 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1302 # Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1303 Rule    Greece  1932    only    -       Jul      7      0:00    1:00    S
1304 Rule    Greece  1932    only    -       Sep      1      0:00    0       -
1305 # Whitman gives 1941 Apr 25 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1306 Rule    Greece  1941    only    -       Apr      7      0:00    1:00    S
1307 # Whitman gives 1942 Feb 2 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.


2072 Rule    Romania 1932    only    -       May     21       0:00s  1:00    S
2073 Rule    Romania 1932    1939    -       Oct     Sun>=1        0:00s  0       -
2074 Rule    Romania 1933    1939    -       Apr     Sun>=2        0:00s  1:00    S
2075 Rule    Romania 1979    only    -       May     27       0:00   1:00    S
2076 Rule    Romania 1979    only    -       Sep     lastSun  0:00   0       -
2077 Rule    Romania 1980    only    -       Apr      5      23:00   1:00    S
2078 Rule    Romania 1980    only    -       Sep     lastSun  1:00   0       -
2079 Rule    Romania 1991    1993    -       Mar     lastSun  0:00s  1:00    S
2080 Rule    Romania 1991    1993    -       Sep     lastSun  0:00s  0       -
2081 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
2082 Zone Europe/Bucharest   1:44:24 -       LMT     1891 Oct
2083                         1:44:24 -       BMT     1931 Jul 24     # Bucharest MT
2084                         2:00    Romania EE%sT   1981 Mar 29 2:00s
2085                         2:00    C-Eur   EE%sT   1991
2086                         2:00    Romania EE%sT   1994
2087                         2:00    E-Eur   EE%sT   1997
2088                         2:00    EU      EE%sT
2089 
2090 # Russia
2091 
2092 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15):
2093 # Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011
2094 # (Government document
2095 # <a href="http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/">
2096 # http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/
2097 # </a>
2098 # in Russian)
2099 # there are few corrections have to be made for some Russian time zones...
2100 # All updated Russian Time Zones were placed in table and translated to English
2101 # by WorldTimeZone.com at the link below:
2102 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm">
2103 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm
2104 # </a>
2105 
2106 # From Sanjeev Gupta (2011-09-27):
2107 # Scans of [Decree #23 of January 8, 1992] are available at:
2108 # <a href="http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966">
2109 # http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966
2110 # They are in Cyrillic letters (presumably Russian).
2111 
2112 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
2113 # Regarding the instant when clocks in time-zone-shifting parts of Russia
2114 # changed in September 2011:
2115 #
2116 # One source is
2117 # < a href="http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/>
2118 # http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/
2119 # </a>
2120 # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31,
2121 # 2011 No 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.
2122 #
2123 # Another source is
2124 # <a href="http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html">
2125 # http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html
2126 # </a>
2127 # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the
2128 # Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also
2129 # contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on:
2130 # in the 'RG' - Federal Issue number 5573 September 6, 2011" but which
2131 # does not contain any "effective date" information.
2132 #
2133 # Another source is
2134 # <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7">
2135 # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7
2136 # </a>
2137 # which, in note 8, contains "Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011...
2138 # Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
2139 # but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011.
2140 #
2141 # The Wikipedia article refers to
2142 # <a href="http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896">
2143 # http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896
2144 # </a>
2145 # which seems to copy the text of the government.ru page.
2146 #
2147 # Tobias Conradi combines Wikipedia's
2148 # "as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
2149 # with www.rg.ru's "Date of first official publication: September 6, 2011" to get
2150 # September 13, 2011 as the cutover date (unusually, a Tuesday, as Tobias Conradi notes).
2151 #
2152 # None of the sources indicates a time of day for changing clocks.
2153 #
2154 # Go with 2011-09-13 0:00s.
2155 
2156 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
2157 # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
2158 # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
2159 # are from Andrey A. Chernov.  The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
2160 # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
2161 # 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.
2162 #
2163 # From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):
2164 # But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
2165 # I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
2166 # as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching
2167 # so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
2168 #
2169 # From Andrey A. Chernov (1996-10-04):
2170 # `MSK' and `MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with
2171 # UNIX-like OSes by several developer groups (e.g. Demos group, Kiae group)....
2172 # The next step was the UUCP network, the Relcom predecessor
2173 # (used mainly for mail), and MSK/MSD was actively used there.
2174 #
2175 # From Chris Carrier (1996-10-30):


2363 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2364 # The Sakha districts are: Aldanskij, Amginskij, Anabarskij,
2365 # Verkhnevilyujskij, Vilyujskij, Gornyj,
2366 # Zhiganskij, Kobyajskij, Lenskij, Megino-Kangalasskij, Mirninskij,
2367 # Namskij, Nyurbinskij, Olenyokskij, Olyokminskij,
2368 # Suntarskij, Tattinskij, Ust'-Aldanskij, Khangalasskij,
2369 # Churapchinskij, Eveno-Bytantajskij Natsional'nij.
2370 
2371 Zone Asia/Yakutsk        8:38:40 -      LMT     1919 Dec 15
2372                          8:00   -       YAKT    1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
2373                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2374                          8:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2375                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2376                          10:00  -       YAKT
2377 #
2378 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
2379 # Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,
2380 # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
2381 
2382 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2383 # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, ... Ust'-Yanskij.

2384 Zone Asia/Vladivostok    8:47:44 -      LMT     1922 Nov 15
2385                          9:00   -       VLAT    1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
2386                         10:00   Russia  VLA%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2387                          9:00   Russia  VLA%sST 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2388                         10:00   Russia  VLA%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2389                         11:00   -       VLAT
2390 
2391 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
2392 # Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time
2393 # in 2011.
2394 #
2395 # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25):
2396 # Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time.
2397 # Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004.
2398 # This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.
2399 #
2400 Zone Asia/Khandyga       9:02:13 -      LMT     1919 Dec 15
2401                          8:00   -       YAKT    1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
2402                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2403                          8:00   Russia  YAK%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2404                          9:00   Russia  YAK%sT  2004
2405                         10:00   Russia  VLA%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2406                         11:00   -       VLAT    2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
2407                         10:00   -       YAKT
2408 
2409 #
2410 # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
2411 # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
2412 Zone Asia/Sakhalin       9:30:48 -      LMT     1905 Aug 23
2413                          9:00   -       CJT     1938
2414                          9:00   -       JST     1945 Aug 25
2415                         11:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T.
2416                         10:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2417                         11:00   Russia  SAK%sT  1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
2418                         10:00   Russia  SAK%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2419                         11:00   -       SAKT
2420 #
2421 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
2422 # Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
2423 # Probably also: Kuril Islands.
2424 
2425 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
2426 # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij,
2427 # Nizhnekolymskij, ... Srednekolymskij.
2428 Zone Asia/Magadan       10:03:12 -      LMT     1924 May  2
2429                         10:00   -       MAGT    1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
2430                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2431                         10:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2432                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2433                         12:00   -       MAGT
2434 
2435 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
2436 # Ojmyakonskij and the Kuril Islands switched from
2437 # Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011.
2438 Zone Asia/Ust-Nera       9:32:54 -      LMT     1919 Dec 15
2439                          8:00   -       YAKT    1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
2440                          9:00   Russia  YAKT    1981 Apr  1
2441                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2442                         10:00   Russia  MAG%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2443                         11:00   Russia  MAG%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2444                         12:00   -       MAGT    2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
2445                         11:00   -       VLAT
2446 
2447 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
2448 # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
2449 #
2450 # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
2451 Zone Asia/Kamchatka     10:34:36 -      LMT     1922 Nov 10
2452                         11:00   -       PETT    1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
2453                         12:00   Russia  PET%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2454                         11:00   Russia  PET%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2455                         12:00   Russia  PET%sT  2010 Mar 28 2:00s
2456                         11:00   Russia  PET%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s
2457                         12:00   -       PETT
2458 #
2459 # Chukotskij avtonomnyj okrug
2460 Zone Asia/Anadyr        11:49:56 -      LMT     1924 May  2
2461                         12:00   -       ANAT    1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
2462                         13:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1982 Apr  1 0:00s
2463                         12:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2464                         11:00   Russia  ANA%sT  1992 Jan 19 2:00s
2465                         12:00   Russia  ANA%sT  2010 Mar 28 2:00s
2466                         11:00   Russia  ANA%sT  2011 Mar 27 2:00s