1 #
   2 # DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
   3 #  
   4 # This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   5 # under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
   6 # published by the Free Software Foundation.  Oracle designates this
   7 # particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
   8 # by Oracle in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
   9 #  
  10 # This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  11 # ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  12 # FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
  13 # version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
  14 # accompanied this code).
  15 #  
  16 # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
  17 # 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
  18 # Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
  19 #  
  20 # Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
  21 # or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
  22 # questions.
  23 #
  24 # <pre>
  25 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
  26 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
  27 
  28 # This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
  29 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
  30 # tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
  31 
  32 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
  33 #
  34 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
  35 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
  36 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
  37 #
  38 # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
  39 # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
  40 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
  41 # published semiannually.  Law sent in several helpful summaries
  42 # of the IATA's data after 1990.
  43 #
  44 # Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
  45 # entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
  46 #
  47 # Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
  48 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
  49 # I found in the UCLA library.
  50 #




  51 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
  52 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
  53 #
  54 # Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
  55 # for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
  56 # but Mark R V Murray reports that
  57 # `SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
  58 # `CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
  59 # `WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
  60 # the area that includes Nigeria is ``West Africa''.
  61 # He has heard of ``Western Sahara Time'' for +0:00 but can find no reference.
  62 #
  63 # To make things confusing, `WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
  64 # I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
  65 # and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
  66 # This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
  67 # mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
  68 #
  69 # To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
  70 #       -1:00   WAT     West Africa Time (no longer used)
  71 #        0:00   GMT     Greenwich Mean Time
  72 #        2:00   CAT     Central Africa Time
  73 #        2:00   SAST    South Africa Standard Time
  74 # and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
  75 #        1:00   WAT     West Africa Time
  76 # I realize that this leads to `WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
  77 # for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
  78 # until we get more information.
  79 #
  80 # I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
  81 #        2:00   WAST    West Africa Summer Time
  82 #        2:30   BEAT    British East Africa Time (no longer used)
  83 #        2:45   BEAUT   British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
  84 #        3:00   CAST    Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
  85 #        3:00   SAST    South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
  86 #        3:00   EAT     East Africa Time
  87 #        4:00   EAST    East Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
  88 
  89 # Algeria
  90 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
  91 Rule    Algeria 1916    only    -       Jun     14      23:00s  1:00    S
  92 Rule    Algeria 1916    1919    -       Oct     Sun>=1       23:00s  0       -
  93 Rule    Algeria 1917    only    -       Mar     24      23:00s  1:00    S
  94 Rule    Algeria 1918    only    -       Mar      9      23:00s  1:00    S
  95 Rule    Algeria 1919    only    -       Mar      1      23:00s  1:00    S
  96 Rule    Algeria 1920    only    -       Feb     14      23:00s  1:00    S
  97 Rule    Algeria 1920    only    -       Oct     23      23:00s  0       -
  98 Rule    Algeria 1921    only    -       Mar     14      23:00s  1:00    S
  99 Rule    Algeria 1921    only    -       Jun     21      23:00s  0       -
 100 Rule    Algeria 1939    only    -       Sep     11      23:00s  1:00    S
 101 Rule    Algeria 1939    only    -       Nov     19       1:00   0       -
 102 Rule    Algeria 1944    1945    -       Apr     Mon>=1        2:00   1:00    S
 103 Rule    Algeria 1944    only    -       Oct      8       2:00   0       -
 104 Rule    Algeria 1945    only    -       Sep     16       1:00   0       -
 105 Rule    Algeria 1971    only    -       Apr     25      23:00s  1:00    S
 106 Rule    Algeria 1971    only    -       Sep     26      23:00s  0       -
 107 Rule    Algeria 1977    only    -       May      6       0:00   1:00    S
 108 Rule    Algeria 1977    only    -       Oct     21       0:00   0       -
 109 Rule    Algeria 1978    only    -       Mar     24       1:00   1:00    S
 110 Rule    Algeria 1978    only    -       Sep     22       3:00   0       -
 111 Rule    Algeria 1980    only    -       Apr     25       0:00   1:00    S
 112 Rule    Algeria 1980    only    -       Oct     31       2:00   0       -
 113 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
 114 # more precise 0:09:21.
 115 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 116 Zone    Africa/Algiers  0:12:12 -       LMT     1891 Mar 15 0:01
 117                         0:09:21 -       PMT     1911 Mar 11    # Paris Mean Time
 118                         0:00    Algeria WE%sT   1940 Feb 25 2:00
 119                         1:00    Algeria CE%sT   1946 Oct  7
 120                         0:00    -       WET     1956 Jan 29
 121                         1:00    -       CET     1963 Apr 14
 122                         0:00    Algeria WE%sT   1977 Oct 21
 123                         1:00    Algeria CE%sT   1979 Oct 26
 124                         0:00    Algeria WE%sT   1981 May
 125                         1:00    -       CET
 126 
 127 # Angola
 128 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 129 Zone    Africa/Luanda   0:52:56 -       LMT     1892
 130                         0:52:04 -       AOT     1911 May 26 # Angola Time
 131                         1:00    -       WAT
 132 
 133 # Benin
 134 # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
 135 # go with Shanks & Pottenger.
 136 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 137 Zone Africa/Porto-Novo  0:10:28 -       LMT     1912
 138                         0:00    -       GMT     1934 Feb 26
 139                         1:00    -       WAT
 140 
 141 # Botswana



 142 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 143 Zone    Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 -       LMT     1885

 144                         2:00    -       CAT     1943 Sep 19 2:00
 145                         2:00    1:00    CAST    1944 Mar 19 2:00
 146                         2:00    -       CAT
 147 
 148 # Burkina Faso
 149 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 150 Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 -      LMT     1912
 151                          0:00   -       GMT
 152 
 153 # Burundi
 154 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 155 Zone Africa/Bujumbura   1:57:28 -       LMT     1890
 156                         2:00    -       CAT
 157 
 158 # Cameroon
 159 # Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
 160 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 161 Zone    Africa/Douala   0:38:48 -       LMT     1912
 162                         1:00    -       WAT
 163 
 164 # Cape Verde
 165 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 166 Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 -     LMT     1907                    # Praia
 167                         -2:00   -       CVT     1942 Sep
 168                         -2:00   1:00    CVST    1945 Oct 15
 169                         -2:00   -       CVT     1975 Nov 25 2:00
 170                         -1:00   -       CVT
 171 
 172 # Central African Republic
 173 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 174 Zone    Africa/Bangui   1:14:20 -       LMT     1912
 175                         1:00    -       WAT
 176 
 177 # Chad
 178 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 179 Zone    Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 -       LMT     1912
 180                         1:00    -       WAT     1979 Oct 14
 181                         1:00    1:00    WAST    1980 Mar  8
 182                         1:00    -       WAT
 183 
 184 # Comoros
 185 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 186 Zone    Indian/Comoro   2:53:04 -       LMT     1911 Jul   # Moroni, Gran Comoro
 187                         3:00    -       EAT
 188 
 189 # Democratic Republic of Congo
 190 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 191 Zone Africa/Kinshasa    1:01:12 -       LMT     1897 Nov 9
 192                         1:00    -       WAT
 193 Zone Africa/Lubumbashi  1:49:52 -       LMT     1897 Nov 9
 194                         2:00    -       CAT
 195 
 196 # Republic of the Congo
 197 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 198 Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 -       LMT     1912
 199                         1:00    -       WAT
 200 
 201 # Cote D'Ivoire
 202 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 203 Zone    Africa/Abidjan  -0:16:08 -      LMT     1912
 204                          0:00   -       GMT
 205 
 206 # Djibouti
 207 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 208 Zone    Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 -       LMT     1911 Jul
 209                         3:00    -       EAT
 210 
 211 ###############################################################################
 212 
 213 # Egypt
 214 





 215 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 216 Rule    Egypt   1940    only    -       Jul     15      0:00    1:00    S
 217 Rule    Egypt   1940    only    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 218 Rule    Egypt   1941    only    -       Apr     15      0:00    1:00    S
 219 Rule    Egypt   1941    only    -       Sep     16      0:00    0       -
 220 Rule    Egypt   1942    1944    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 221 Rule    Egypt   1942    only    -       Oct     27      0:00    0       -
 222 Rule    Egypt   1943    1945    -       Nov      1      0:00    0       -
 223 Rule    Egypt   1945    only    -       Apr     16      0:00    1:00    S
 224 Rule    Egypt   1957    only    -       May     10      0:00    1:00    S
 225 Rule    Egypt   1957    1958    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 226 Rule    Egypt   1958    only    -       May      1      0:00    1:00    S
 227 Rule    Egypt   1959    1981    -       May      1      1:00    1:00    S
 228 Rule    Egypt   1959    1965    -       Sep     30      3:00    0       -
 229 Rule    Egypt   1966    1994    -       Oct      1      3:00    0       -
 230 Rule    Egypt   1982    only    -       Jul     25      1:00    1:00    S
 231 Rule    Egypt   1983    only    -       Jul     12      1:00    1:00    S
 232 Rule    Egypt   1984    1988    -       May      1      1:00    1:00    S
 233 Rule    Egypt   1989    only    -       May      6      1:00    1:00    S
 234 Rule    Egypt   1990    1994    -       May      1      1:00    1:00    S
 235 # IATA (after 1990) says transitions are at 0:00.
 236 # Go with IATA starting in 1995, except correct 1995 entry from 09-30 to 09-29.
 237 
 238 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-04-20):
 239 # "...Egypt's interim cabinet decided on Wednesday to cancel daylight
 240 # saving time after a poll posted on its website showed the majority of
 241 # Egyptians would approve the cancellation."
 242 #
 243 # Egypt to cancel daylight saving time
 244 # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168">
 245 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/node/407168
 246 # </a>
 247 # or
 248 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html">
 249 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt04.html
 250 # </a>
 251 Rule    Egypt   1995    2010    -       Apr     lastFri  0:00s  1:00    S
 252 Rule    Egypt   1995    2005    -       Sep     lastThu 23:00s  0       -
 253 # From Steffen Thorsen (2006-09-19):
 254 # The Egyptian Gazette, issue 41,090 (2006-09-18), page 1, reports:
 255 # Egypt will turn back clocks by one hour at the midnight of Thursday
 256 # after observing the daylight saving time since May.
 257 # http://news.gom.com.eg/gazette/pdf/2006/09/18/01.pdf
 258 Rule    Egypt   2006    only    -       Sep     21      23:00s  0       -
 259 # From Dirk Losch (2007-08-14):
 260 # I received a mail from an airline which says that the daylight
 261 # saving time in Egypt will end in the night of 2007-09-06 to 2007-09-07.
 262 # From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2007-08-15): [The following agree:]
 263 # http://www.nentjes.info/Bill/bill5.htm
 264 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=53
 265 # From Steffen Thorsen (2007-09-04): The official information...:
 266 # http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Miscellaneous/000002/0207000000000000001580.htm
 267 Rule    Egypt   2007    only    -       Sep     Thu>=1       23:00s  0       -
 268 # From Abdelrahman Hassan (2007-09-06):
 269 # Due to the Hijri (lunar Islamic calendar) year being 11 days shorter
 270 # than the year of the Gregorian calendar, Ramadan shifts earlier each
 271 # year. This year it will be observed September 13 (September is quite
 272 # hot in Egypt), and the idea is to make fasting easier for workers by
 273 # shifting business hours one hour out of daytime heat. Consequently,
 274 # unless discontinued, next DST may end Thursday 28 August 2008.
 275 # From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
 276 # For lack of better info, assume the new rule is last Thursday in August.
 277 
 278 # From Petr Machata (2009-04-06):
 279 # The following appeared in Red Hat bugzilla[1] (edited):
 280 #
 281 # > $ zdump -v /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo | grep 2009
 282 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo  Thu Apr 23 21:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
 283 # Apr 23
 284 # > 23:59:59 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
 285 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo  Thu Apr 23 22:00:00 2009 UTC = Fri =
 286 # Apr 24
 287 # > 01:00:00 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
 288 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo  Thu Aug 27 20:59:59 2009 UTC = Thu =
 289 # Aug 27
 290 # > 23:59:59 2009 EEST isdst=1 gmtoff=10800
 291 # > /usr/share/zoneinfo/Africa/Cairo  Thu Aug 27 21:00:00 2009 UTC = Thu =
 292 # Aug 27
 293 # > 23:00:00 2009 EET isdst=0 gmtoff=7200
 294 #
 295 # > end date should be Thu Sep 24 2009 (Last Thursday in September at 23:59=
 296 # :59)
 297 # > http://support.microsoft.com/kb/958729/
 298 #
 299 # timeanddate[2] and another site I've found[3] also support that.
 300 #
 301 # [1] <a href="https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263">
 302 # https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=492263
 303 # </a>
 304 # [2] <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53">
 305 # http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/clockchange.html?n=53
 306 # </a>
 307 # [3] <a href="http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/">
 308 # http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/
 309 # </a>
 310 
 311 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-04-20):
 312 # In 2009 (and for the next several years), Ramadan ends before the fourth
 313 # Thursday in September; Egypt is expected to revert to the last Thursday
 314 # in September.
 315 
 316 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-08-11):
 317 # We have been able to confirm the August change with the Egyptian Cabinet
 318 # Information and Decision Support Center:
 319 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html">
 320 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-dst-ends-2009.html
 321 # </a>
 322 #
 323 # The Middle East News Agency
 324 # <a href="http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx">
 325 # http://www.mena.org.eg/index.aspx
 326 # </a>
 327 # also reports "Egypt starts winter time on August 21"
 328 # today in article numbered "71, 11/08/2009 12:25 GMT."
 329 # Only the title above is available without a subscription to their service,
 330 # and can be found by searching for "winter" in their search engine
 331 # (at least today).
 332 
 333 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-07-20):
 334 # According to News from Egypt -  Al-Masry Al-Youm Egypt's cabinet has
 335 # decided that Daylight Saving Time will not be used in Egypt during
 336 # Ramadan.
 337 #
 338 # Arabic translation:
 339 # "Clocks to go back during Ramadan--and then forward again"
 340 # <a href="http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again">
 341 # http://www.almasryalyoum.com/en/news/clocks-go-back-during-ramadan-and-then-forward-again
 342 # </a>
 343 # or
 344 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html">
 345 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_egypt02.html
 346 # </a>
 347 
 348 Rule    Egypt   2008    only    -       Aug     lastThu 23:00s  0       -
 349 Rule    Egypt   2009    only    -       Aug     20      23:00s  0       -
 350 Rule    Egypt   2010    only    -       Aug     11      0:00    0       -
 351 Rule    Egypt   2010    only    -       Sep     10      0:00    1:00    S
 352 Rule    Egypt   2010    only    -       Sep     lastThu 23:00s  0       -
 353 
 354 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 355 Zone    Africa/Cairo    2:05:00 -       LMT     1900 Oct
 356                         2:00    Egypt   EE%sT
 357 
 358 # Equatorial Guinea
 359 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 360 Zone    Africa/Malabo   0:35:08 -       LMT     1912
 361                         0:00    -       GMT     1963 Dec 15
 362                         1:00    -       WAT
 363 
 364 # Eritrea
 365 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 366 Zone    Africa/Asmara   2:35:32 -       LMT     1870
 367                         2:35:32 -       AMT     1890          # Asmara Mean Time
 368                         2:35:20 -       ADMT    1936 May 5    # Adis Dera MT
 369                         3:00    -       EAT
 370 
 371 # Ethiopia
 372 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
 373 # Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
 374 # between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
 375 # We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
 376 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 377 Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 -       LMT     1870
 378                         2:35:20 -       ADMT    1936 May 5    # Adis Dera MT
 379                         3:00    -       EAT
 380 
 381 # Gabon
 382 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 383 Zone Africa/Libreville  0:37:48 -       LMT     1912
 384                         1:00    -       WAT
 385 
 386 # Gambia
 387 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 388 Zone    Africa/Banjul   -1:06:36 -      LMT     1912
 389                         -1:06:36 -      BMT     1935    # Banjul Mean Time
 390                         -1:00   -       WAT     1964
 391                          0:00   -       GMT
 392 
 393 # Ghana
 394 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 395 # Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
 396 # go with Shanks & Pottenger.
 397 Rule    Ghana   1936    1942    -       Sep      1      0:00    0:20    GHST
 398 Rule    Ghana   1936    1942    -       Dec     31      0:00    0       GMT
 399 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 400 Zone    Africa/Accra    -0:00:52 -      LMT     1918
 401                          0:00   Ghana   %s
 402 
 403 # Guinea
 404 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 405 Zone    Africa/Conakry  -0:54:52 -      LMT     1912
 406                          0:00   -       GMT     1934 Feb 26
 407                         -1:00   -       WAT     1960
 408                          0:00   -       GMT
 409 
 410 # Guinea-Bissau
 411 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 412 Zone    Africa/Bissau   -1:02:20 -      LMT     1911 May 26
 413                         -1:00   -       WAT     1975
 414                          0:00   -       GMT
 415 
 416 # Kenya
 417 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 418 Zone    Africa/Nairobi  2:27:16 -       LMT     1928 Jul
 419                         3:00    -       EAT     1930
 420                         2:30    -       BEAT    1940
 421                         2:45    -       BEAUT   1960
 422                         3:00    -       EAT
 423 
 424 # Lesotho
 425 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 426 Zone    Africa/Maseru   1:50:00 -       LMT     1903 Mar
 427                         2:00    -       SAST    1943 Sep 19 2:00
 428                         2:00    1:00    SAST    1944 Mar 19 2:00
 429                         2:00    -       SAST
 430 
 431 # Liberia
 432 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
 433 # In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
 434 # from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
 435 # Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
 436 # Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
 437 # go with Shanks & Pottenger.
 438 # For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
 439 # Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
 440 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 441 Zone    Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 -      LMT     1882
 442                         -0:43:08 -      MMT     1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
 443                         -0:44:30 -      LRT     1972 May # Liberia Time
 444                          0:00   -       GMT
 445 
 446 ###############################################################################
 447 
 448 # Libya
 449 














 450 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 451 Rule    Libya   1951    only    -       Oct     14      2:00    1:00    S
 452 Rule    Libya   1952    only    -       Jan      1      0:00    0       -
 453 Rule    Libya   1953    only    -       Oct      9      2:00    1:00    S
 454 Rule    Libya   1954    only    -       Jan      1      0:00    0       -
 455 Rule    Libya   1955    only    -       Sep     30      0:00    1:00    S
 456 Rule    Libya   1956    only    -       Jan      1      0:00    0       -
 457 Rule    Libya   1982    1984    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 458 Rule    Libya   1982    1985    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
 459 Rule    Libya   1985    only    -       Apr      6      0:00    1:00    S
 460 Rule    Libya   1986    only    -       Apr      4      0:00    1:00    S
 461 Rule    Libya   1986    only    -       Oct      3      0:00    0       -
 462 Rule    Libya   1987    1989    -       Apr      1      0:00    1:00    S
 463 Rule    Libya   1987    1989    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -




 464 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 465 Zone    Africa/Tripoli  0:52:44 -       LMT     1920
 466                         1:00    Libya   CE%sT   1959
 467                         2:00    -       EET     1982
 468                         1:00    Libya   CE%sT   1990 May  4
 469 # The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
 470 # the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
 471                         2:00    -       EET     1996 Sep 30
 472                         1:00    -       CET     1997 Apr  4
 473                         1:00    1:00    CEST    1997 Oct  4
 474                         2:00    -       EET
 475 
 476 # Madagascar
 477 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 478 Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 -      LMT     1911 Jul
 479                         3:00    -       EAT     1954 Feb 27 23:00s
 480                         3:00    1:00    EAST    1954 May 29 23:00s
 481                         3:00    -       EAT
 482 
 483 # Malawi
 484 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 485 Zone    Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 -       LMT     1903 Mar
 486                         2:00    -       CAT
 487 
 488 # Mali
 489 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 490 Zone    Africa/Bamako   -0:32:00 -      LMT     1912
 491                          0:00   -       GMT     1934 Feb 26
 492                         -1:00   -       WAT     1960 Jun 20
 493                          0:00   -       GMT
 494 
 495 # Mauritania
 496 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 497 Zone Africa/Nouakchott  -1:03:48 -      LMT     1912
 498                          0:00   -       GMT     1934 Feb 26
 499                         -1:00   -       WAT     1960 Nov 28
 500                          0:00   -       GMT
 501 
 502 # Mauritius
 503 
 504 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-06-25):
 505 # Mauritius plans to observe DST from 2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31 on a trial
 506 # basis....
 507 # It seems that Mauritius observed daylight saving time from 1982-10-10 to
 508 # 1983-03-20 as well, but that was not successful....
 509 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-daylight-saving-time.html
 510 
 511 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-06-25):
 512 # http://economicdevelopment.gov.mu/portal/site/Mainhomepage/menuitem.a42b24128104d9845dabddd154508a0c/?content_id=0a7cee8b5d69a110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
 513 
 514 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-06-30):
 515 # The www.timeanddate.com article cited by Steffen Thorsen notes that "A
 516 # final decision has yet to be made on the times that daylight saving
 517 # would begin and end on these dates." As a place holder, use midnight.
 518 
 519 # From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
 520 # Follow Thorsen on DST in 1982/1983, instead of Shanks & Pottenger.
 521 
 522 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-07-10):
 523 # According to
 524 # <a href="http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216">
 525 # http://www.lexpress.mu/display_article.php?news_id=111216
 526 # </a>
 527 # (in French), Mauritius will start and end their DST a few days earlier
 528 # than previously announced (2008-11-01 to 2009-03-31).  The new start
 529 # date is 2008-10-26 at 02:00 and the new end date is 2009-03-27 (no time
 530 # given, but it is probably at either 2 or 3 wall clock time).
 531 #
 532 # A little strange though, since the article says that they moved the date
 533 # to align itself with Europe and USA which also change time on that date,
 534 # but that means they have not paid attention to what happened in
 535 # USA/Canada last year (DST ends first Sunday in November). I also wonder
 536 # why that they end on a Friday, instead of aligning with Europe which
 537 # changes two days later.
 538 
 539 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
 540 # Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
 541 # time:  Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
 542 # published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
 543 #
 544 # I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
 545 # de l'heure d'ete" stating that DST in Mauritius starting on October 26
 546 # and ending on March 27, 2009 is the most recent one.
 547 # ...
 548 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html">
 549 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_mauritius02.html
 550 # </a>
 551 
 552 # From Riad M. Hossen Ally (2008-08-03):
 553 # The Government of Mauritius weblink
 554 # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD">
 555 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=4728ca68b2a5b110VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
 556 # </a>
 557 # Cabinet Decision of July 18th, 2008 states as follows:
 558 #
 559 # 4. ...Cabinet has agreed to the introduction into the National Assembly
 560 # of the Time Bill which provides for the introduction of summer time in
 561 # Mauritius. The summer time period which will be of one hour ahead of
 562 # the standard time, will be aligned with that in Europe and the United
 563 # States of America. It will start at two o'clock in the morning on the
 564 # last Sunday of October and will end at two o'clock in the morning on
 565 # the last Sunday of March the following year. The summer time for the
 566 # year 2008 - 2009 will, therefore, be effective as from 26 October 2008
 567 # and end on 29 March 2009.
 568 
 569 # From Ed Maste (2008-10-07):
 570 # THE TIME BILL (No. XXVII of 2008) Explanatory Memorandum states the
 571 # beginning / ending of summer time is 2 o'clock standard time in the
 572 # morning of the last Sunday of October / last Sunday of March.
 573 # <a href="http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf">
 574 # http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/bill2708.pdf
 575 # </a>
 576 
 577 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-06-05):
 578 # According to several sources, Mauritius will not continue to observe
 579 # DST the coming summer...
 580 #
 581 # Some sources, in French:
 582 # <a href="http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB">
 583 # http://www.defimedia.info/news/946/Rashid-Beebeejaun-:-%C2%AB-L%E2%80%99heure-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ne-sera-pas-appliqu%C3%A9e-cette-ann%C3%A9e-%C2%BB
 584 # </a>
 585 # <a href="http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-">
 586 # http://lexpress.mu/Story/3398~Beebeejaun---Les-objectifs-d-%C3%A9conomie-d-%C3%A9nergie-de-l-heure-d-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-ont-%C3%A9t%C3%A9-atteints-
 587 # </a>
 588 #
 589 # Our wrap-up:
 590 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html">
 591 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat.html
 592 # </a>
 593 
 594 # From Arthur David Olson (2009-07-11):
 595 # The "mauritius-dst-will-not-repeat" wrapup includes this:
 596 # "The trial ended on March 29, 2009, when the clocks moved back by one hour
 597 # at 2am (or 02:00) local time..."
 598 
 599 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 600 Rule Mauritius  1982    only    -       Oct     10      0:00    1:00    S
 601 Rule Mauritius  1983    only    -       Mar     21      0:00    0       -
 602 Rule Mauritius  2008    only    -       Oct     lastSun 2:00    1:00    S
 603 Rule Mauritius  2009    only    -       Mar     lastSun 2:00    0       -
 604 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 605 Zone Indian/Mauritius   3:50:00 -       LMT     1907            # Port Louis
 606                         4:00 Mauritius  MU%sT   # Mauritius Time
 607 # Agalega Is, Rodriguez
 608 # no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
 609 
 610 # Mayotte
 611 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 612 Zone    Indian/Mayotte  3:00:56 -       LMT     1911 Jul        # Mamoutzou
 613                         3:00    -       EAT
 614 
 615 # Morocco
 616 # See the `europe' file for Spanish Morocco (Africa/Ceuta).
 617 
 618 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
 619 # Here is an article that Morocco plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time between
 620 # 1 June, 2008 and 27 September, 2008.
 621 #
 622 # "... Morocco is to save energy by adjusting its clock during summer so it will
 623 # be one hour ahead of GMT between 1 June and 27 September, according to
 624 # Communication Minister and Gov ernment Spokesman, Khalid Naciri...."
 625 #
 626 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html">
 627 # http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_morocco01.html
 628 # </a>
 629 # OR
 630 # <a href="http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html">
 631 # http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
 632 # </a>
 633 
 634 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
 635 # The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
 636 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view">
 637 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
 638 # </a>
 639 #
 640 # Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
 641 # spokesman.
 642 
 643 # From Patrice Scattolin (2008-05-09):
 644 # According to this article:
 645 # <a href="http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html">
 646 # http://www.avmaroc.com/actualite/heure-dete-comment-a127896.html
 647 # </a>
 648 # (and republished here:
 649 # <a href="http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html">
 650 # http://www.actu.ma/heure-dete-comment_i127896_0.html
 651 # </a>
 652 # )
 653 # the changes occurs at midnight:
 654 #
 655 # saturday night may 31st at midnight (which in french is to be
 656 # intrepreted as the night between saturday and sunday)
 657 # sunday night the 28th  at midnight
 658 #
 659 # Seeing that the 28th is monday, I am guessing that she intends to say
 660 # the midnight of the 28th which is the midnight between sunday and
 661 # monday, which jives with other sources that say that it's inclusive
 662 # june1st to sept 27th.
 663 #
 664 # The decision was taken by decree *2-08-224 *but I can't find the decree
 665 # published on the web.
 666 #
 667 # It's also confirmed here:
 668 # <a href="http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm">
 669 # http://www.maroc.ma/NR/exeres/FACF141F-D910-44B0-B7FA-6E03733425D1.htm
 670 # </a>
 671 # on a government portal as being  between june 1st and sept 27th (not yet
 672 # posted in english).
 673 #
 674 # The following google query will generate many relevant hits:
 675 # <a href="http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search">
 676 # http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=Conseil+de+gouvernement+maroc+heure+avance&btnG=Search
 677 # </a>
 678 
 679 # From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
 680 # Is Western Sahara (part which administrated by Morocco) going to follow
 681 # Morocco DST changes?  Any information?  What about other part of
 682 # Western Sahara - under administration of POLISARIO Front (also named
 683 # SADR Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)?
 684 
 685 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-05-09):
 686 # XXX--guess that it is only Morocco for now; guess only 2008 for now.
 687 
 688 # From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-27):
 689 # Morocco will change the clocks back on the midnight between August 31
 690 # and September 1. They originally planned to observe DST to near the end
 691 # of September:
 692 #
 693 # One article about it (in French):
 694 # <a href="http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default">
 695 # http://www.menara.ma/fr/Actualites/Maroc/Societe/ci.retour_a_l_heure_gmt_a_partir_du_dimanche_31_aout_a_minuit_officiel_.default
 696 # </a>
 697 #
 698 # We have some further details posted here:
 699 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html">
 700 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-ends-dst-early-2008.html
 701 # </a>
 702 
 703 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-17):
 704 # Morocco will observe DST from 2009-06-01 00:00 to 2009-08-21 00:00 according
 705 # to many sources, such as
 706 # <a href="http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html">
 707 # http://news.marweb.com/morocco/entertainment/morocco-daylight-saving.html
 708 # </a>
 709 # <a href="http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312">
 710 # http://www.medi1sat.ma/fr/depeche.aspx?idp=2312
 711 # </a>
 712 # (French)
 713 #
 714 # Our summary:
 715 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html">
 716 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2009.html
 717 # </a>
 718 
 719 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
 720 # Here is a link to official document from Royaume du Maroc Premier Ministre,
 721 # Ministere de la Modernisation des Secteurs Publics
 722 #
 723 # Under Article 1 of Royal Decree No. 455-67 of Act 23 safar 1387 (2 june 1967)
 724 # concerning the amendment of the legal time, the Ministry of Modernization of
 725 # Public Sectors announced that the official time in the Kingdom will be
 726 # advanced 60 minutes from Sunday 31 May 2009 at midnight.
 727 #
 728 # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf">
 729 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/francais/Actualites_fr/PDF_Actualites_Fr/HeureEte_FR.pdf
 730 # </a>
 731 #
 732 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html">
 733 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco03.html
 734 # </a>
 735 
 736 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-04-13):
 737 # Several news media in Morocco report that the Ministry of Modernization
 738 # of Public Sectors has announced that Morocco will have DST from
 739 # 2010-05-02 to 2010-08-08.
 740 #
 741 # Example:
 742 # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html">
 743 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualites/4099-le-maroc-passera-a-l-heure-d-ete-gmt1-le-2-mai.html
 744 # </a>
 745 # (French)
 746 # Our page:
 747 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html">
 748 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/morocco-starts-dst-2010.html
 749 # </a>
 750 
 751 # From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
 752 # ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
 753 # The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00
 754 # The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59,  [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00
 755 # ...Official links of change in morocco
 756 # The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
 757 # I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
 758 # +212.537.71.84.00
 759 # <a href="http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/">
 760 # http://www.anrt.net.ma/fr/
 761 # </a>
 762 # They said that
 763 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view">
 764 # http://www.map.ma/fr/sections/accueil/l_heure_legale_au_ma/view
 765 # </a>
 766 # is the official publication to look at.
 767 # They said that the decision was already taken.
 768 #
 769 # More articles in the press
 770 # <a href="http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev">
 771 # http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/5058/secret-l-heure-d-ete-maroc-lev
 772 # </a>
 773 # e.html
 774 # <a href="http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923">
 775 # http://www.lematin.ma/Actualite/Express/Article.asp?id=148923
 776 # </a>
 777 # <a href="http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim">
 778 # http://www.lavieeco.com/actualite/Le-Maroc-passe-sur-GMT%2B1-a-partir-de-dim
 779 # anche-prochain-5538.html
 780 # </a>
 781 
 782 # From Petr Machata (2011-03-30):
 783 # They have it written in English here:
 784 # <a href="http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view">
 785 # http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/home/morocco_to_spring_fo/view
 786 # </a>
 787 #
 788 # It says there that "Morocco will resume its standard time on July 31,
 789 # 2011 at midnight." Now they don't say whether they mean midnight of
 790 # wall clock time (i.e. 11pm UTC), but that's what I would assume. It has
 791 # also been like that in the past.
 792 
 793 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2012-03-09):
 794 # According to Infom&eacute;diaire web site from Morocco (infomediaire.ma),
 795 # on March 9, 2012, (in French) Heure l&eacute;gale:
 796 # Le Maroc adopte officiellement l'heure d'&eacute;t&eacute;
 797 # <a href="http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9">
 798 # http://www.infomediaire.ma/news/maroc/heure-l%C3%A9gale-le-maroc-adopte-officiellement-lheure-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9
 799 # </a>
 800 # Governing Council adopted draft decree, that Morocco DST starts on
 801 # the last Sunday of March (March 25, 2012) and ends on
 802 # last Sunday of September (September 30, 2012)
 803 # except the month of Ramadan.
 804 # or (brief)
 805 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html">
 806 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_morocco06.html
 807 # </a>
 808 
 809 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-10):
 810 # The infomediaire.ma source indicates that the system is to be in
 811 # effect every year. It gives 03H00 as the "fall back" time of day;
 812 # it lacks a "spring forward" time of day; assume 2:00 XXX.
 813 # Wait on specifying the Ramadan exception for details about
 814 # start date, start time of day, end date, and end time of day XXX.
 815 
 816 # From Christophe Tropamer (2012-03-16):
 817 # Seen Morocco change again:
 818 # <a href="http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php">
 819 # http://www.le2uminutes.com/actualite.php
 820 # </a>
 821 # "...&agrave; partir du dernier dimance d'avril et non fins mars,
 822 # comme annonc&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment."
 823 
 824 # From Milamber Space Network (2012-07-17):
 825 # The official return to GMT is announced by the Moroccan government:
 826 # <a href="http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288">
 827 # http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288 [in French]
 828 # </a>
 829 #
 830 # Google translation, lightly edited:
 831 # Back to the standard time of the Kingdom (GMT)
 832 # Pursuant to Decree No. 2-12-126 issued on 26 Jumada (I) 1433 (April 18,
 833 # 2012) and in accordance with the order of Mr. President of the
 834 # Government No. 3-47-12 issued on 24 Sha'ban (11 July 2012), the Ministry
 835 # of Public Service and Administration Modernization announces the return
 836 # of the legal time of the Kingdom (GMT) from Friday, July 20, 2012 until
 837 # Monday, August 20, 2012.  So the time will be delayed by 60 minutes from
 838 # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
 839 # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
 840 



































 841 # RULE  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 842 
 843 Rule    Morocco 1939    only    -       Sep     12       0:00   1:00    S
 844 Rule    Morocco 1939    only    -       Nov     19       0:00   0       -
 845 Rule    Morocco 1940    only    -       Feb     25       0:00   1:00    S
 846 Rule    Morocco 1945    only    -       Nov     18       0:00   0       -
 847 Rule    Morocco 1950    only    -       Jun     11       0:00   1:00    S
 848 Rule    Morocco 1950    only    -       Oct     29       0:00   0       -
 849 Rule    Morocco 1967    only    -       Jun      3      12:00   1:00    S
 850 Rule    Morocco 1967    only    -       Oct      1       0:00   0       -
 851 Rule    Morocco 1974    only    -       Jun     24       0:00   1:00    S
 852 Rule    Morocco 1974    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 853 Rule    Morocco 1976    1977    -       May      1       0:00   1:00    S
 854 Rule    Morocco 1976    only    -       Aug      1       0:00   0       -
 855 Rule    Morocco 1977    only    -       Sep     28       0:00   0       -
 856 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    S
 857 Rule    Morocco 1978    only    -       Aug      4       0:00   0       -
 858 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    S
 859 Rule    Morocco 2008    only    -       Sep      1       0:00   0       -
 860 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Jun      1       0:00   1:00    S
 861 Rule    Morocco 2009    only    -       Aug      21      0:00   0       -
 862 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       May      2       0:00   1:00    S
 863 Rule    Morocco 2010    only    -       Aug      8       0:00   0       -
 864 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Apr      3       0:00   1:00    S
 865 Rule    Morocco 2011    only    -       Jul      31      0      0       -
 866 Rule    Morocco 2012    max     -       Apr      lastSun 2:00   1:00    S
 867 Rule    Morocco 2012    max     -       Sep      lastSun 3:00   0       -
 868 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Jul      20      3:00   0       -
 869 Rule    Morocco 2012    only    -       Aug      20      2:00   1:00    S


















 870 
 871 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 872 Zone Africa/Casablanca  -0:30:20 -      LMT     1913 Oct 26
 873                          0:00   Morocco WE%sT   1984 Mar 16
 874                          1:00   -       CET     1986
 875                          0:00   Morocco WE%sT
 876 # Western Sahara
 877 Zone Africa/El_Aaiun    -0:52:48 -      LMT     1934 Jan
 878                         -1:00   -       WAT     1976 Apr 14
 879                          0:00   -       WET
 880 
 881 # Mozambique
 882 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 883 Zone    Africa/Maputo   2:10:20 -       LMT     1903 Mar
 884                         2:00    -       CAT
 885 
 886 # Namibia
 887 # The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
 888 # Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
 889 
 890 # From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
 891 # <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
 892 # While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
 893 # settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
 894 # rises and sets earlier compared to other regions.  Chief of
 895 # Forecasting Riaan van Zyl explained that the far eastern parts of
 896 # the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
 897 # of the country.
 898 #
 899 # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
 900 # Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
 901 # we have no details.  In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
 902 
 903 # RULE  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 904 Rule    Namibia 1994    max     -       Sep     Sun>=1       2:00    1:00    S
 905 Rule    Namibia 1995    max     -       Apr     Sun>=1       2:00    0       -
 906 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 907 Zone    Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 -       LMT     1892 Feb 8
 908                         1:30    -       SWAT    1903 Mar        # SW Africa Time
 909                         2:00    -       SAST    1942 Sep 20 2:00
 910                         2:00    1:00    SAST    1943 Mar 21 2:00
 911                         2:00    -       SAST    1990 Mar 21 # independence
 912                         2:00    -       CAT     1994 Apr  3
 913                         1:00    Namibia WA%sT
 914 
 915 # Niger
 916 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 917 Zone    Africa/Niamey    0:08:28 -      LMT     1912
 918                         -1:00   -       WAT     1934 Feb 26
 919                          0:00   -       GMT     1960
 920                          1:00   -       WAT
 921 
 922 # Nigeria
 923 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 924 Zone    Africa/Lagos    0:13:36 -       LMT     1919 Sep
 925                         1:00    -       WAT
 926 
 927 # Reunion
 928 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 929 Zone    Indian/Reunion  3:41:52 -       LMT     1911 Jun        # Saint-Denis
 930                         4:00    -       RET     # Reunion Time
 931 #
 932 # Scattered Islands (Iles Eparses) administered from Reunion are as follows.
 933 # The following information about them is taken from
 934 # Iles Eparses (www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/domtom/ile.htm, 1997-07-22, in French;
 935 # no longer available as of 1999-08-17).
 936 # We have no info about their time zone histories.
 937 #
 938 # Bassas da India - uninhabited
 939 # Europa Island - inhabited from 1905 to 1910 by two families
 940 # Glorioso Is - inhabited until at least 1958
 941 # Juan de Nova - uninhabited
 942 # Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
 943 
 944 # Rwanda
 945 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 946 Zone    Africa/Kigali   2:00:16 -       LMT     1935 Jun
 947                         2:00    -       CAT
 948 
 949 # St Helena
 950 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 951 Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 -      LMT     1890            # Jamestown
 952                         -0:22:48 -      JMT     1951    # Jamestown Mean Time
 953                          0:00   -       GMT
 954 # The other parts of the St Helena territory are similar:
 955 #       Tristan da Cunha: on GMT, say Whitman and the CIA
 956 #       Ascension: on GMT, says usno1995 and the CIA
 957 #       Gough (scientific station since 1955; sealers wintered previously):
 958 #               on GMT, says the CIA
 959 #       Inaccessible, Nightingale: no information, but probably GMT
 960 
 961 # Sao Tome and Principe
 962 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 963 Zone    Africa/Sao_Tome  0:26:56 -      LMT     1884
 964                         -0:36:32 -      LMT     1912    # Lisbon Mean Time
 965                          0:00   -       GMT
 966 
 967 # Senegal
 968 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 969 Zone    Africa/Dakar    -1:09:44 -      LMT     1912
 970                         -1:00   -       WAT     1941 Jun
 971                          0:00   -       GMT
 972 
 973 # Seychelles
 974 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 975 Zone    Indian/Mahe     3:41:48 -       LMT     1906 Jun        # Victoria
 976                         4:00    -       SCT     # Seychelles Time
 977 # From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
 978 # Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
 979 # Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
 980 # in 1965 and returned to Seychelles control in 1976.  We don't know
 981 # whether this affected their time zone, so omit this for now.
 982 # Possibly the islands were uninhabited.
 983 
 984 # Sierra Leone
 985 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 986 # Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
 987 Rule    SL      1935    1942    -       Jun      1      0:00    0:40    SLST
 988 Rule    SL      1935    1942    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       WAT
 989 Rule    SL      1957    1962    -       Jun      1      0:00    1:00    SLST
 990 Rule    SL      1957    1962    -       Sep      1      0:00    0       GMT
 991 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 992 Zone    Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 -      LMT     1882
 993                         -0:53:00 -      FMT     1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
 994                         -1:00   SL      %s      1957
 995                          0:00   SL      %s
 996 
 997 # Somalia
 998 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 999 Zone Africa/Mogadishu   3:01:28 -       LMT     1893 Nov
1000                         3:00    -       EAT     1931
1001                         2:30    -       BEAT    1957
1002                         3:00    -       EAT
1003 
1004 # South Africa
1005 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1006 Rule    SA      1942    1943    -       Sep     Sun>=15      2:00    1:00    -
1007 Rule    SA      1943    1944    -       Mar     Sun>=15      2:00    0       -
1008 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1009 Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 -      LMT     1892 Feb 8
1010                         1:30    -       SAST    1903 Mar
1011                         2:00    SA      SAST
1012 # Marion and Prince Edward Is
1013 # scientific station since 1947
1014 # no information
1015 
1016 # Sudan
1017 #
1018 # From <a href="http://www.sunanews.net/sn13jane.html">
1019 # Sudan News Agency (2000-01-13)
1020 # </a>, also reported by Michael De Beukelaer-Dossche via Steffen Thorsen:
1021 # Clocks will be moved ahead for 60 minutes all over the Sudan as of noon
1022 # Saturday....  This was announced Thursday by Caretaker State Minister for
1023 # Manpower Abdul-Rahman Nur-Eddin.
1024 #
1025 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1026 Rule    Sudan   1970    only    -       May      1      0:00    1:00    S
1027 Rule    Sudan   1970    1985    -       Oct     15      0:00    0       -
1028 Rule    Sudan   1971    only    -       Apr     30      0:00    1:00    S
1029 Rule    Sudan   1972    1985    -       Apr     lastSun 0:00    1:00    S
1030 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1031 Zone    Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 -       LMT     1931
1032                         2:00    Sudan   CA%sT   2000 Jan 15 12:00
1033                         3:00    -       EAT
1034 
1035 # South Sudan
1036 Zone    Africa/Juba     2:06:24 -       LMT     1931
1037                         2:00    Sudan   CA%sT   2000 Jan 15 12:00
1038                         3:00    -       EAT
1039 
1040 # Swaziland
1041 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1042 Zone    Africa/Mbabane  2:04:24 -       LMT     1903 Mar
1043                         2:00    -       SAST
1044 
1045 # Tanzania
1046 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1047 Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 -     LMT     1931
1048                         3:00    -       EAT     1948
1049                         2:45    -       BEAUT   1961
1050                         3:00    -       EAT
1051 
1052 # Togo
1053 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1054 Zone    Africa/Lome     0:04:52 -       LMT     1893
1055                         0:00    -       GMT
1056 
1057 # Tunisia
1058 
1059 # From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
1060 # My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
1061 # this time in Tunisia.  According to Yahoo France News
1062 # <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
1063 # and dated 2005-04-26, "Tunisia has decided to advance its official time by
1064 # one hour, starting on Sunday, May 1.  Henceforth, Tunisian time will be
1065 # UTC+2 instead of UTC+1.  The change will take place at 23:00 UTC next
1066 # Saturday."  (My translation)
1067 #
1068 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
1069 # LaPresse, the first national daily newspaper ...
1070 # <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
1071 # ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
1072 # 1h standard time.
1073 #
1074 # From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
1075 # The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
1076 # Beginning      : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
1077 # Ending         : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
1078 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
1079 
1080 # From Steffen Thorsen (2009-03-16):
1081 # According to several news sources, Tunisia will not observe DST this year.
1082 # (Arabic)
1083 # <a href="http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546">
1084 # http://www.elbashayer.com/?page=viewn&nid=42546
1085 # </a>
1086 # <a href="http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp">
1087 # http://www.babnet.net/kiwidetail-15295.asp
1088 # </a>
1089 #
1090 # We have also confirmed this with the US embassy in Tunisia.
1091 # We have a wrap-up about this on the following page:
1092 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html">
1093 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/tunisia-cancels-dst-2009.html
1094 # </a>
1095 
1096 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-03-17):
1097 # Here is a link to Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency
1098 #
1099 # Standard time to be kept the whole year long (tap.info.tn):
1100 #
1101 # (in English)
1102 # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157">
1103 # http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26813&Itemid=157
1104 # </a>
1105 #
1106 # (in Arabic)
1107 # <a href="http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1">
1108 # http://www.tap.info.tn/ar/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=61240&Itemid=1
1109 # </a>
1110 
1111 # From Arthur David Olson (2009--3-18):
1112 # The Tunis Afrique Presse News Agency notice contains this: "This measure is due to the fact
1113 # that the fasting month of ramadan coincides with the period concerned by summer time.
1114 # Therefore, the standard time will be kept unchanged the whole year long."
1115 # So foregoing DST seems to be an exception (albeit one that may be repeated in the  future).
1116 
1117 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-03-27):
1118 # According to some news reports Tunis confirmed not to use DST in 2010
1119 #
1120 # (translation):
1121 # "The Tunisian government has decided to abandon DST, which was scheduled on
1122 # Sunday...
1123 # Tunisian authorities had suspended the DST for the first time last year also
1124 # coincided with the month of Ramadan..."
1125 #
1126 # (in Arabic)
1127 # <a href="http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1">
1128 # http://www.moheet.com/show_news.aspx?nid=358861&pg=1
1129 # <a href="http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036">
1130 # http://www.almadenahnews.com/newss/news.php?c=118&id=38036
1131 # or
1132 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html">
1133 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_tunis02.html
1134 
1135 # Rule  NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
1136 Rule    Tunisia 1939    only    -       Apr     15      23:00s  1:00    S
1137 Rule    Tunisia 1939    only    -       Nov     18      23:00s  0       -
1138 Rule    Tunisia 1940    only    -       Feb     25      23:00s  1:00    S
1139 Rule    Tunisia 1941    only    -       Oct      6       0:00   0       -
1140 Rule    Tunisia 1942    only    -       Mar      9       0:00   1:00    S
1141 Rule    Tunisia 1942    only    -       Nov      2       3:00   0       -
1142 Rule    Tunisia 1943    only    -       Mar     29       2:00   1:00    S
1143 Rule    Tunisia 1943    only    -       Apr     17       2:00   0       -
1144 Rule    Tunisia 1943    only    -       Apr     25       2:00   1:00    S
1145 Rule    Tunisia 1943    only    -       Oct      4       2:00   0       -
1146 Rule    Tunisia 1944    1945    -       Apr     Mon>=1        2:00   1:00    S
1147 Rule    Tunisia 1944    only    -       Oct      8       0:00   0       -
1148 Rule    Tunisia 1945    only    -       Sep     16       0:00   0       -
1149 Rule    Tunisia 1977    only    -       Apr     30       0:00s  1:00    S
1150 Rule    Tunisia 1977    only    -       Sep     24       0:00s  0       -
1151 Rule    Tunisia 1978    only    -       May      1       0:00s  1:00    S
1152 Rule    Tunisia 1978    only    -       Oct      1       0:00s  0       -
1153 Rule    Tunisia 1988    only    -       Jun      1       0:00s  1:00    S
1154 Rule    Tunisia 1988    1990    -       Sep     lastSun  0:00s  0       -
1155 Rule    Tunisia 1989    only    -       Mar     26       0:00s  1:00    S
1156 Rule    Tunisia 1990    only    -       May      1       0:00s  1:00    S
1157 Rule    Tunisia 2005    only    -       May      1       0:00s  1:00    S
1158 Rule    Tunisia 2005    only    -       Sep     30       1:00s  0       -
1159 Rule    Tunisia 2006    2008    -       Mar     lastSun  2:00s  1:00    S
1160 Rule    Tunisia 2006    2008    -       Oct     lastSun  2:00s  0       -
1161 
1162 # Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
1163 # more precise 0:09:21.
1164 # Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
1165 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1166 Zone    Africa/Tunis    0:40:44 -       LMT     1881 May 12
1167                         0:09:21 -       PMT     1911 Mar 11    # Paris Mean Time
1168                         1:00    Tunisia CE%sT
1169 
1170 # Uganda
1171 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1172 Zone    Africa/Kampala  2:09:40 -       LMT     1928 Jul
1173                         3:00    -       EAT     1930
1174                         2:30    -       BEAT    1948
1175                         2:45    -       BEAUT   1957
1176                         3:00    -       EAT
1177 
1178 # Zambia
1179 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1180 Zone    Africa/Lusaka   1:53:08 -       LMT     1903 Mar
1181                         2:00    -       CAT
1182 
1183 # Zimbabwe
1184 # Zone  NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
1185 Zone    Africa/Harare   2:04:12 -       LMT     1903 Mar
1186                         2:00    -       CAT
--- EOF ---